It will be a mistake not to recognize that lobbying does not concern an individual citizen who leads a modest and peaceful way of life.
Even the fact that alcohol and tobacco, which brings billions of losses to the state every year, is freely sold and worth a penny, speaks of total lobbying of state systems.
The term lobbying comes from EnglishThe word lobby, which in translation means lobby. And the lobby, as you know, is an ancillary premises in the building of parliaments, intended for the recreation of civil servants. Thus, the very term lobbying (lobbyism) means negotiations and agreements hidden from the eyes of journalists and the public. The exact date of the emergence of lobbying as a phenomenon is difficult to name, but it is known that lobbying has long-standing roots and it existed even in the era of the USSR. In all cases, lobbyists represent the interests of private corporations or persons interested in promoting a certain bill. In countries with developed public institutions, lobbyists resort to very cunning and intricate tricks whose list includes manipulation of public opinion through the media, distracting maneuvers in the form of high-profile high-profile events, as well as the direct participation of corrupt officials in elections and the drafting of the necessary bills in the aftermath.
Lobbying directly involves corruption. And, if in countries with an active society lobbyists need to learn cunning, then in states with an amorphous society it is enough simply to give a bribe.
Lobbying and lobbyists in Russia
Lobbyism in Russia has two spectrums: Hidden and open. Open lobbying is carried out through various associations such as the Chambers of Commerce and Industry of the federal and regional levels, producer associations and service provider associations. Many people know the last bill restricting the freedom of buying through foreign online stores. This bill was initiated by the Association of Internet Trade Companies to protect their interests from foreign online stores offering buyers from Russia the acquisition of high-quality goods at a very low price. Thus, the example of such a law shows a vivid example of lobbying in Russia, because the rights of buyers were brutally violated due to a sharp rise in price of goods. The example of lobbying also looks very clearly on the background of the alcohol policy of the state.
Lobbyists always find illogical reasons to justify their actions. For example, citizens are told that limiting the sale of alcohol is a violation of the rights of alcoholics.
After all, beer in Russia is not officiallyAlcoholic products even despite the fact that this drink contains alcohol. In addition, alcohol in Russia can be sold to people who have reached the age of 18, that is, practically to children, which is also an example of lobbying interests of brewing companies. The hidden lobbyism can be recognized only by an absurd bill that violates the rights of ordinary citizens.
Absurdity of lobbying
The absurdity of lobbyists' arguments can beTrace on the example of alcohol. From school, people are taught that excises from the sale of alcohol and tobacco bring substantial income to the state treasury. But in practice this is not true. When calculating the revenues of the state budget, only profits from excise are taken into account, but no one takes into account the trillions of rubles that the country spends on the treatment of illnesses caused by alcohol. In addition, the government spends billions of rubles on treating injuries sustained in a drunken brawl or during accidents arranged by drunken drivers. Also, the economic growth is significantly reduced, in view of the fact that the drinking worker is more stupid than the abstainer, is injured in production and produces low-quality products.