It is a mistake not to recognize that lobbying does not apply to the individual citizen, leading a humble and peaceful lifestyle.
Even the fact that alcohol and tobacco, bringing the state billions of dollars in losses each year is freely available and is worth a penny, says about the total lobbying government systems.
The term comes from the English lobbyingword lobby, which translated means the corridors. A lobby, as we know, this utility rooms in the Parliament building, designed to rest of public servants. Thus, the term advocacy (lobbying) is negotiated and agreed, hidden from the eyes of journalists and the public. The exact date of the appearance of lobbying as a phenomenon difficult to call, but it is known that lobby deep roots and it existed even in the era of the Soviet Union. In all cases, lobbyists representing the interests of private corporations or individuals interested in the promotion of a particular bill. In countries with developed social institutions lobbyists have resorted to a very tricky and intricate tricks in the list of which includes the manipulation of public opinion through the media, red herrings in the form of high-profile events unencumbered highest sense, as well as direct involvement of corrupt officials in the elections and the drafting of relevant legislation in effect.
Lobbying is directly associated with corruption. And, if in countries with an active society lobbyists need to learn tricks, in countries with an amorphous society just enough to give a bribe.
Lobbying and lobbyists in Russia
Lobbying in Russia has two spectrum: hidden and open. Public lobbying through various associations such as Chambers of Commerce and Industry of the federal and regional levels, alliances of manufacturers and service providers associations. Many people know the last bill that limits the freedom of buying through foreign online stores. The bill was initiated by the Association of Internet commerce companies to protect their interests from foreign online stores, offering customers from Russia the purchase of high quality products at a very low price. Thus, an example of such a law reveals a striking example of lobbyism in Russia, because the buyers rights were severely violated due to the sharp rise in price of goods. An example of lobbying is also very clear looks at the background of alcohol policy.
Lobbyists are always illogical arguments to justify their actions. For example, citizens claim that the restriction of alcohol sales is a violation of the rights of alcoholics.
For beer in Russia is not officiallyalcoholic beverages, even in spite of the fact that the drink contains alcohol. In addition, alcohol can be sold in the Russian people under 18, that is, almost children, that too is an example of lobbying the interests of brewers. Hidden is lobbying can only be recognized by an absurd bill that violates the rights of ordinary citizens.
The absurdity of lobbying
The whole absurdity of the arguments can be lobbyistsfollow the example of alcohol. From school people told that the excise tax from the sale of alcohol and tobacco bring substantial revenue to the state treasury. But in practice this is not true. In calculating budget revenues accounted for only profit from the excise tax, but no one takes into account the trillions of rubles that the country spends on the treatment of diseases caused by alcohol. In addition, billions of rubles the government spends on the treatment of injuries sustained in a drunken brawl or during accidents, arranged drunk drivers. Also, significantly reduced economic growth, given that drinking employee sillier teetotaler, gets injured workers and produces low-quality products.