Some things were recently banned,But over time, the social foundations have changed, and what some time ago was considered immoral or even criminal today is treated as a norm.
The transition from a ban to full acceptance is called legalization, which can affect all aspects of public life.
The word "legalization" is very versatilevalue. Most often it is used in connection with the lifting of the ban on certain social activities, which previously fell under the taboo. So, since the 90s of the twentieth century, a whole era of legalization of previously prohibited activities began, whose prohibition was conditioned by moral dogma or state ideology.
At the same time, whitening of a process is not alwaysHas a negative character. For example, the legalization of a class of private entrepreneurs, previously banned in the USSR, is not destructive to public life, while legalization and prostitution in some countries of the world remains a very controversial issue even within the society of these countries.
Legalization or public acceptanceUntil now banned movements, social groups or drugs is always associated with a significant change in public consciousness, otherwise society itself would resist such changes. For example, before the legalization of same-sex marriages or euthanasia in European countries, the society of these states has been subjected to massive ideological processing for several years in the form of social advertising, propaganda in art and cinema, debates in popular discussion shows and mass camping outs of popularly recognized pop stars or show business.
Legal aspect of legalization as withdrawalRestrictions on previously lumpenized groups of population or social movements is secondary, and in the first place there is always conditionally voluntary acceptance of these groups by broad layers of society. After all, if in the middle of the 19th century, for example, in England they attempted to legalize prostitution, then the undertaking would suffer an obvious failure because of the unpreparedness of the highly moral English society of that time to such changes.
Legalization in national and international law
The process of legalization and legalization is also necessary in theLegal system. Before the entry into force of the document, it must go through a period of approval, that is, legalization. Bills drafted by parliaments have no power until the process of their adoption by a majority of parliamentarians, to whom voters have delegated the very right to approve, that is, legalize bills. After the debate and consideration (reading), the document is adopted by a majority vote. From that moment it is legal and subject to universal observance. The same applies to international treaties when the document passes the ratification, that is, it is legalized by the national government and acquires legal force in the territory of the whole state. The very word "legalization" has Latin roots and is literally translated into Russian as "lawful".
Legalization in trade, pharmaceutics and food industry
Use of additives, drugs and certainGoods is subject to mandatory certification. The certificate of conformity in this case allows unrestricted and unrestricted distribution of goods on the territory of the country or region, that is, makes its turnover legal and legal. Even those substances that do not pose a threat to life can not be free circulation in the national market until an opinion is reached on their safety. Legality in this case is achieved through the compliance of the composition with the parameters specified in the laws of the country. Corresponding to them, the product becomes legal, that is, its distribution is permitted by law. Simply put, legalization is a normal solution.