In March 1953, he died on Soviet leader Joseph Stalin.
This event marked the beginning of the destruction of the system, known as the Stalinist regime.
Soon, the country desperately needs a change, got a new leader. They became one of the party leaders Nikita Khrushchev.
System reforms, which conducted the new head of state, as well as the period of his rule were called "Khrushchev thaw."
Successful attempts to break the totalitarian system
Nikita Khrushchev made the first large-scaleattempt conscious destruction of the totalitarian system, which has been enmeshed in the Soviet Union for decades. Khrushchev reforms, which lasted until 1964, brought qualitative changes in political and social life of the USSR. Change the internal and external policies of the proletarian state, it puts an end to violations of the law, arbitrariness and mass repression.
Joseph Stalin succeeded in the short historicalterm measures to create a system of "barracks socialism", which is basically contrary to the theoretical views of the classics of Marxism and the fundamental interests of the people. During the reign of Stalin's guard his regime was a party and state bureaucracy. The ideological machine, meanwhile, worked to the fullest, making people fearful of reprisals to believe that the country is steadily marching towards a bright future.
Dissatisfaction with the current system does not exhibitOnly the lower classes, but also representatives of the party nomenclature. The death of the leader allowed to advance one of the party workers, Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev. He was considered a political nugget with sufficient personal courage and leadership abilities.
Political directness, immediacy of nature, developed intuition - all it allowed Khrushchev to defeat political opponents, to get a high position and the trust of the people.
"Khrushchev's thaw": a fresh wind of change
In September 1953, Khrushchev led the CPSU, becomingFirst Secretary of the Party Central Committee. Before it was a task to properly assess the situation and identify ways to solve the set of accumulated problems in the country. The majority of the ills of socialism new leader has seen the consequences of Stalin's personality cult, which, according to Khrushchev's opinion, not only made a political error, but also to create a clear iniquity. That is why all reform Khrushchev penetrated one thought: how to rid the country of Stalinism.
In line with these objectives, and are the main activitiesKhrushchev. He destroyed the repressive apparatus at the XX Party Congress denounced the cult of personality of Joseph Stalin, and then came up with many innovative ideas at the time. They made an attempt to improve the state system, drastically limit the privileges of the administrative apparatus, to make Soviet society more open. Under the leadership of Khrushchev country workers went to explore virgin lands and massively built new housing.
Not without excesses: what are the attacks on Khrushchev's artists and writers, or his attempts to make corn "queen" of the Soviet fields.
Modern researchers believe that manyKhrushchev's reforms and actions were inconsistent and not entirely consistent. But no one denies today that "Khrushchev thaw" dealt a fatal blow to the totalitarian ideology, putting an end to impunity. During the reign of Khrushchev was a time when the foundations of democratic reforms were born, when formed new group of people, known as "the sixties". It was during the "thaw" Soviet citizens learned without fear to discuss social and political issues, agitated everyone.