The symbols of the royal, royal or imperial power are a series of material signs of the ruler, called regalia.
The set of regalia in different states is approximately the same.
External symbols of state power are known since ancient times and were originally called insignias.
To the symbols of the royal, imperial and royalAuthorities are supposed to include a variety of regalia. In Russia they were the crown, the power and the scepter, the state shield and sword, the state banner and the large state seal. In the broadest sense of the word, the symbols were also the throne and ceremonial garments, such as porphyry.
The oldest of the symbols is the scepter, itsPrototype - shepherd's staff. Scepter, or as they were called, Scythians, existed in antiquity. In Rome, they used generals, winning a battle. The Romans also had a tradition of sending the scepter to the Allies as a sign of friendship.
Scepteres were considered in antiquity as attributes of Zevra (Jupiter) and Hera (Juno)
In Russia, the scepter was first handed to the ruler during the wedding of the kingdom of Theodore Ioannovich. The rod was to be held in the right hand, and during the large ceremonial exits the lawyer carried it.
The state is crowned with a crossA ball that symbolizes dominion over the earth. Similar balls are already found on ancient Roman coins, only they were decorated not with crosses, but with the figure of Victoria, the goddess of victory. In Russia, the power came not from Byzantium, as one might think, but from Poland, where it was called jab? Ko (apple). It is interesting that for the first time it was used during the wedding ceremony for the kingdom of the False Dimitry.
In Russia, the power was called the apple of the Imperial rank, the apple (all), the power and apple,
The first mention of the state sword inAs a symbol of power refers to the times of Peter the Great. Under him, according to the regulations of the chamber-collegium, the treasury was supposed to keep a scepter, power, crown, sword and key.
At the coronation, the state sword - as well as the bannerAnd print - were first used by Elizaveta Petrovna. The shield was carried only by the burial of the king. Russian rulers did not gird themselves with a state sword in the manner of German, Hungarian or Polish kings.
The Tsar's banner first appeared in the Russian Empire under Mikhail Fyodorovich, at the beginning of the 17th century. Peter I later installed a black-yellow-white flag in 1742.
Finally, it is worth noting that in Moscow RusIn addition to the above-mentioned regalia, imperial barms were used as symbols of imperial power: broad shoulder-straps, or collars embroidered with gold and gems and decorated with religious images. Barms dressed over the solemn vestments. They were made from gold plates - zapovedni - or from brocade.