"The dog, although biting, does not bite itself, however," - reflects the bear Winnie the Pooh in the tale of the English writer A. Milne.
Considering these reflections from the point of view of linguistics, we can say that the hero thinks about the nature of the return verbs.
A verb is a word denoting an action andThe answer to the question "What to do?" The last clarification is very important, because the word "walking", for example, also means an action, nevertheless it can not be considered a verb.
The action is always directed to an object. It can be the same thing that makes it, or some other. In the first case, it will be a return verb, and in the second case it will be a non-recurring verb.
Recognizing sign of return verbs
The fact that an action committed by a certain subject,Directed at himself, can indicate a reflexive pronoun. In Russian there is only one such pronoun, which does not even have an nominative - "itself."
Language always tends to be short, soThe reflexive pronoun in combination with the verbs was reduced to "xia", and then turned into a part of these verbs - postfix, i.e. Suffix, which is written after the end. That's how reflexive verbs emerged, the identifying sign of which is the postfix "-ya": "dress yourself" - "get dressed", "wash yourself" - "wash." Verbs that do not have such a postfix are called transient.
Types of reflexive verbs
Not always the semantic content of a returnableThe verb is so simple. The action that someone directly performs on oneself is just one example of a reflexive verb-the self-return one.
A verb of this kind can imply a certainAn action that an object does not commit over itself, but in its own interests. For example, if people are said to be "built", this may mean not only "building themselves into a line" (the actual verb), but also "building a home for oneself." In the latter case, the verb will be called indirectly-returnable.
Denoted by reflexive verbs and joint actions of several objects: "to meet", "to talk" are reciprocal verbs.
However, not always a verb having postfix"-ya", is returnable. You can not classify as such a verb with a passive voice, i.e. Implying that somebody else is doing the action on the subject: "the house is being built", "the microbes are being destroyed".
A verb can not be returnable if it isTransitional, i.e. Indicates an action directed at another object, although in an impersonal form such verbs may have a postfix "-ya": "I want to buy a car."