The word "prerogative" most often used when it comes to, for example, about politics, about the powers of the high officials.
But what does this term mean, and how does it come from?
The history of the term "prerogative"
The word "prerogative" originated in ancient timesRome in the era of the Roman king Servius Tullius, in the VI century BC The king issued a decree according to which all full-fledged Roman citizens, depending on the security and status in society, were divided into certain classes of property.
Each of these classes has been obliged underthe need to put a certain number of armed men, united in one, which is called "Centuries". Therefore, any Roman citizen on reaching majority turned out to be attributable to one of the centuries of its class.
The vote on important issues affecting thepublic affairs, also took place on the list of those centuries. Some centuries belonging to the upper classes, the king Servius Tullius granted the right to propose new laws. Such centurion began to wear the honorary title of "prerogative".
Over time, this right was considered an anachronism, and in the era of the Empire was finally forgotten.
What later came to mean the term "prerogative"
In the Middle Ages, the term "prerogative"We began to understand the law, which was endowed with the monarch or other a senior official in the state. Only such a person could convene or dissolve the Parliament, adopt any legislative act to pardon the convicted offender, declare war or order to start peace negotiations, etc. That is, even in those countries where there was a strong power of Parliament (eg in England), the President had a very big rights. Although it is not always used them in full, depending on the circumstances.
That is, in medieval Europe, the term "prerogative" implied pre-emptive right of the supreme authority.
From about the middle of the XIX century sense of the word"Prerogative" significantly expanded. Now it means the any pre-emptive right, no matter who and on what basis it belonged. This right could be treated as a private and to a legal entity, as well as to the state or union of states. This meaning of the term "prerogative" is preserved until the present day.
We can say that the term "prerogative" refers to the exclusive right which belong to any official authority, such as parliament, the State Duma.