The end of World War II did not mean that the confrontation between hostile political forces ceased.
On the contrary, after the defeat of Hitler's Germany, the preconditions for a confrontation between the capitalist West and the communist East were created.
This confrontation was called the "Cold War" and continued until the collapse of the USSR.
Causes of the Cold War
What was the reason for such a long"Cold" confrontation between the West and the East? Between the model of society that the United States represented, and the system of socialism headed by the Soviet Union, there were profound and insoluble contradictions.
Both world powers wanted to strengthen their economic and political influence and become unconditional leaders of the world community.
The United States was extremely unhappy that the USSRHas established its influence in several countries of Eastern Europe. Now Communist ideology began to dominate there. Western reactionary circles feared that communist ideas would penetrate farther to the West, and the newly formed socialist camp could become a serious competitor to the capitalist world in the economic and military sphere.
The beginning of the "cold war" historians consider speechThe leading English politician Winston Churchill, who in March 1946 he spoke in Fulton. In his speech, Churchill warned the Western world of mistakes, directly speaking about the impending communist danger, in the face of which it is necessary to unite. The statements made in this speech became the actual call for the unleashing of the "cold war" against the USSR.
The Cold War
The Cold War had several climaxesMoments. One of them was the signing of a number of Western states of the North Atlantic Treaty, the war in Korea and the testing of nuclear weapons in the USSR. And in the early 1960s the world followed with anxiety the development of the so-called Caribbean crisis, which showed that the two superpowers possess such a powerful weapon that there will be no winners in a possible military confrontation.
Awareness of this fact led politicians to think aboutThat the political confrontation and the buildup of arms should be brought under control. The desire of the USSR and the US to strengthen their military power led to enormous budgetary expenditures and undermined the economies of both powers. Statistics suggested that both economies are not able to continue to support the pace of the arms race, so the US and Soviet governments eventually concluded an agreement on the reduction of nuclear arsenals.
But the "cold war" was far from over. It continued in the information space. Both states actively used their ideological apparatus to undermine each other's political power. In the course were provocations and subversive activities. Each of the parties tried in a winning light to present the advantages of their social system while at the same time belittling the adversary's achievements.
Completion of the "cold war" and its outcome
As a result of the harmful effects of external andInternal factors by the mid 80-ies of the last century the Soviet Union found itself in a deep economic and political crisis. The process of perestroika began in the country, which in essence was a course for the replacement of socialism by capitalist relations.
These processes actively supported foreignOpponents of communism. The collapse of the socialist camp began. The culmination was the collapse of the Soviet Union, which in 1991 disintegrated into several independent states. The goal of the opponents of the USSR, which they set several decades earlier, was achieved.
The West won an unconditional victory in the Cold War with the USSR, and the United States remained the world's only superpower. This was the main result of the "cold" confrontation.
Still, some analysts believe thatThe collapse of the communist regime did not lead to the complete end of the Cold War. Russia, which possesses nuclear weapons, although it embarked on the capitalist path of development, nevertheless remains a nuisance for the implementation of the aggressive designs of the United States, which are striving for complete world domination. Particularly irritated by the ruling American circles is the desire of the renewed Russia to pursue an independent foreign policy.