All of the modern enterprise basically have a different organizational structure, which covers all areas of activity.
It is the backbone of any company, so we need to understand what the organizational structure of the enterprise.
On the organizational structure of the enterprise assuch talking in the early XX century, when there was a rapid qualitative leap of production, and therefore required a revision of management approaches. Organizational structure of the enterprise in general is a set of rules, relationships, attitudes, and subordination of all levels of enterprise management, from top managers to performers. The organizational structure existed even before the beginning of the XX century, otherwise would not have large businesses and industries, but from a theoretical point of view about it began to reflect it in the specified period. At the moment, there are many types of organizational structures, but the most basic is hierarchical, divisional and organic.
The hierarchical organizational structure
This is the classical canon and typeorganizational structure, the potential of the enterprise. As the name implies, the foundation of this structure is put a clear hierarchy between the levels of government, there is a clear division of responsibilities and powers and, accordingly, a clear division of labor, on which conducted and personnel policy of the enterprise. This organizational structure inherent disadvantages such as poor coordination of interaction of adjacent departments developed bureaucracy and impersonal attitude of the staff. This type of organizational structure is peculiar to large industrial corporations and enterprises of Russia and CIS countries.
The greatest theorist and practitioner of creating organizational structures is Henry Ford, whose management style has been adopted a variety of manufacturing firms of the era.
divisional organizational structure
Due to the emergence of multi-enterprises andexpanding areas of activity of international corporations, by the end of the XX century there was an urgent need for new types of organizational structures. One of them was the divisional organizational structure, which is characteristic of the division of spheres of activity of the enterprise on the unit / division, which is placed at the head of the responsible managers. The composition may be incorporated division multiple thousands of employees working in the same direction. Also, the division can be divided on a territorial basis, especially true for international transport companies. A similar organizational structure is also inherent drawbacks, the biggest of which are too branched control system, duplication of functions between departments, as well as the burden of divisions to form within itself the hierarchical organizational structures.
Existing organizational structures are most oftenmixed. Within the hierarchical structure can exist design departments, and vice versa - the organic structure may have a hierarchical elements.
Organic organizational structure
This type of organizational structure arose from thecompanies need a quick response to changing market conditions, under which the competition is extremely tight. There are several types of organic organizational structures: design, matrix, and the brigade. Each of these types has such features as the formation of responsible groups (project or brigade) on a professional basis, the division within their powers and responsibilities of each of the final result. Organic organizational structure characterized by large companies working in IT, as they perform a variety of projects. It encouraged the growth of professional and well-coordinated team work, where, because of one link can move out all the work on the project.