There are several versions of originTerms "Old" and "New World". According to one of them, Amerigo Vespucci introduced them in 1503, on the other - Christopher Columbus used them back in 1492 to divide the known and new open lands.
Expressions of the Old and New Worlds have been used for several centuries, until completely out of fashion and not lost relevance in connection with the discovery of new islands and continents.
Old World and New World: geography
Europeans traditionally referred to the concept of OldThe light of the two continents is Eurasia and Africa, i.e. Only those lands that were known before the discovery of the two Americas, and to the New World - North and South America. These designations quickly became fashionable and became widespread. The terms quickly became very capacious, they applied not only to the geographical concepts of a known and unknown world. The Old World began to be called something generally known, traditional or conservative, the New World - something fundamentally new, little-studied, revolutionary.
In biology, the flora and fauna are also divided intoGeographic principle on the gifts of the Old and New Worlds. But unlike the traditional interpretation of the term, the New World in the biological plan includes plants and animals of Australia.
Later, Australia, New Zealand,Tasmania and a number of islands in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans. They were not part of the New World and were designated by the broad term of the Southern Lands. At the same time, the term Unknown South Earth - the theoretical continent at the South Pole - also appeared. The ice continent was opened only in 1820 and also did not become part of the New World. Thus, the terms "Old and New World" refer not so much to geographical concepts as to the historical and temporal frontier "before and after" the discovery and development of the American continents.
Old World and New World: winemaking
Today the terms Old and New World inGeographical understanding is used only by historians. A new meaning of these concepts acquired in winemaking to designate the countries-founders of the wine industry and countries developing in this direction. All the European states, Georgia, Armenia, Iraq, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine traditionally belong to the Old World. To the New World - India, China, Japan, the countries of North, South America and Africa, as well as Australia and Oceania.
For example, Georgia and Italy are associated with wine, France with Champagne and Cognac, Ireland with whiskey, Switzerland and the UK with Scotland with absinthe, and Mexico is considered the ancestor of tequila.
In 1878 in the territory of Crimea Prince LeoGolitsyn was founded factory for the production of sparkling wines, which was named "New World", later around it grew a resort village, which is called - the New World. The picturesque bay receives annually crowds of tourists who want to relax on the Black Sea coast, get to tasting famous new-world wines and champagne, take a stroll in grottoes, bays and a reserved juniper grove. In addition, the same-named settlements are on the territory of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus.