There are several theories about the originthe terms "Old" and "New World". On one of them, they introduced the Amerigo Vespucci in 1503, on the other - Christopher Columbus used them even in 1492 to separate the known and newly discovered lands.
Expressions of Old and New World were used for several centuries, until he was out of fashion and do not lose relevance in connection with the discovery of new islands and continents.
The Old World and the New World: Geography
Europeans traditionally attributed to the concept of OldLight two continents - Africa and Eurasia, ie, only those lands which were known before the discovery of the Americas, and to the New World - North and South America. These designations quickly became popular and widespread. The terms quickly became very capacious, it applies not only to geographic concepts known and unknown world. Old World became known as something well-known, traditional or conservative, the New World - anything fundamentally new, scantily revolutionary.
In biology, the flora and fauna also be divided byGeographical gifts to the Old and New Worlds. But in contrast to the traditional interpretation of the term, the New World in the biological plan includes plants and animals of Australia.
Later, Australia were discovered, New Zealand,Tasmania and a number of islands in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans. They became part of the New World and is denoted by the term vast southern lands. At the same time came the term Terra Australis - a theoretical continent at the South Pole. Ice continent was discovered only in 1820 and also became a member of the New World. Thus, the terms Old and New World are not so much a geographical concept, as to the historical and temporal border "before and after" the discovery and development of the Americas.
The Old World and the New World: wine
Today, the terms Old and New Worldgeographical sense only used by historians. The new meaning of these terms have acquired in the wine industry to refer to the countries-founders of the wine industry and the countries developing in this direction. By Old World traditional are all European states, Georgia, Armenia, Iraq, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine. To the New World - India, China, Japan, the countries of North, South America and Africa as well as Australia and Oceania.
For example, Georgia and Italy are associated with wine, France with champagne and cognac, whiskey from Ireland, Switzerland and the UK with Scotland with absinthe, and Mexico is considered the ancestor of tequila.
In 1878, in the Crimea by Prince LevGolitsyn was founded a factory for the production of sparkling wine, which was named "New World", later expanded around the resort village, which is called - the New World. The picturesque bay receives crowds of tourists every year who want to relax on the Black Sea, there to taste the famous wines and champagne Novyi Svet, walk through the caves, coves and the nature reserve juniper grove. In addition, the settlements have the same name on the territory of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus.