The largest flower in the world - Rafflesia Arnoldi and amofofallus giant - a miracle of nature.
They grow in Sumatra and reach an incredibly large size.
Rafflesia Arnoldi (Rafflesia arnoldi)
When the first European explorers crossedthe jungle of Sumatra in the 19th century, they were struck by the colors, the size of a large wheel, which, as it seemed, lay on the ground. The flowers have fleshy succulent red petals with white growths on the surface, resembling a piece of rotting meat. At the bottom of his cup of nectar we found that it was possible to fill a small saucepan. From flower spreading putrid smell. And its color and specific aroma designed to attract insects that feed on the flowers predators. It Rafflesia Arnoldi - the largest flower in the world.
The name of the plant has received thanks to its discoverers - biologist Arnold and Raffles officer.
Its size is 1.5 m diameter, 4.3 mperimeter, and weight - about 10-12 kg. Rafflesia Arnoldi inhabits the forests of Sumatra and Borneo. It has no roots, no leaves, as living, parasitic on the roots of the vines. Because of this, until recently, could not biologists classify Rafflesia to any of the plant families. However, recent DNA analysis has become a surprise flower belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae. The best known species of this family - cassava and rubber tree.
Amorphophallus giant (Amorphophalus titanum)
Also on Sumatra grows another huge flower- Amorphophallus giant. This is the biggest flower in the world and can reach 3 m high. Like the Rafflesia, Amorphophallus spreads the smell of rotten flesh, which attracts all sorts of insects that feed on carrion.
Blossoms Amorphophallus within 2-3 days, 3-4 times over the 40 years of existence.
Giant purple petals - inactually bract (protective sheet). It can be up to 1.2 m in diameter and 1.3 m in height. A huge inflorescence grows from a tuber weighing up to 100 kg. On Giant "trunk" in the middle of the flower (the so-called cob) arranged flowers, both female and male.
Fan palms (Corypha umbraculifera)
The largest inflorescence in fan palm (Coryphaumbraculifera), originally from southern India and Ceylon. Leaves of plants reach 25 m in height, stalks to 1.3 m in diameter and 8.6 m in the inflorescence length. They consist of millions of small flowers are attached to the stem in a branched top end of stem. Fan palm tree blooms only once in his life at the age of 30 to 80 years.