Often the most complex languages in the world are Chinese, Russian, Bulgarian, although scientists are more inclined to the Basque language, since it has no kinship with others.
And most linguists say that it makes no sense to find out which language is more difficult, since for different nations there are various difficulties in learning foreign dialects.
Linguists believe that it is impossible to unequivocally answerTo the question of which language is the most difficult. The answer to it will depend on the native language, on the person's thinking, on other factors. For example, the Russian language, with its complex grammar and hard-spoken words, seems easy for other Slavic nations, but it is difficult for Englishmen or Americans.
Although neuroscientists can argue: they say that there are languages that are not well understood even by carriers, for example, Chinese or Arabic.
In addition, the language is a complex system consisting ofSeveral parts, including writing or phonetics. There are languages with a complex phonetic structure, a multitude of different sounds, difficult-to-carry sound combinations, complex intonations and melodies. Other languages that are more simple in sound may differ in a complicated and difficult to understand system of writing.
The most complex language in the world
This title is very controversial, but many scientistsAdhere to the opinion that the most difficult language for studying foreign languages is Basque. It does not belong to any language family, that is, it is not related to any known group of languages, even the dead. That is, for a man of any nationality, he will be difficult to perceive.
In the Guinness Book of Records, the most difficult languagesThe language of the Indian Haida tribe living in North America, the adverb of the Chippewa Indians, the Eskimo, the Chinese and the Tabasarans, spoken by a group of people in Dagestan.
The most complex languages in terms of writing
There is no doubt thatIdeographic writing is more difficult to perceive than phonetic: that is, it is more difficult to study a system of hieroglyphs or ideograms denoting different concepts than an alphabet consisting of a certain number of signs that correspond to sounds. From this point of view, one of the most complex languages can be called Japanese: its writing is not just hieroglyphic, it also consists of three systems, two of which are phonetic. That is, we have to learn a huge set of hieroglyphs borrowed from the Chinese language (but, unlike the Chinese, the Japanese did not bother to simplify the writing of complex ancient signs), and the syllabic katakana and hiragana, and in addition, it is necessary to determine in which cases what letter is required use.
The Chinese language also has a hieroglyphic letter, so it creates certain difficulties for students.
The most complex languages in terms of phonetics
By sounding Japanese, on the contrary, it is impossibleCall it difficult: it consists of a set of syllables that are very similar in pronunciation to Russian sounds, although they may present certain difficulties for other foreigners. The Chinese language is more complicated: it uses sounds that do not exist in many other languages of the world. From the point of view of pronunciation, Russian is also considered difficult: some sounds "p" and "s" are worth a lot.
But linguists call the most difficult on phoneticsThe language of the marby is the dead dialect of one equatorial island nation, in which sibilant, snarling sounds, bird twitter and even snapping of fingers were used.