Just say what instrument was the first in the history of mankind, it is impossible.
To have survived, not all information on the musical tastes of ancient people, in addition, in different regions of the world at the same time there are various musical instruments.
The oldest musical instrument found
Ancient legend tells that the firstmusical instrument was created by the god Pan, who was walking in the woods near the river, he tore the cane and began blowing into it. It turned out that tube cane is able to issue enchanting sounds which evolved into beautiful melodies. Pan cut some reed sticks and joined them together, creating the first tool - a prototype of the flute.
Thus, the ancient Greeks believed that the firstmusical adaptation was the flute. Perhaps it is - at least, it is the oldest recorded investigators tool. His oldest specimen was found in the south of Germany, in the cave of Fels Holi, where excavations of prehistoric human settlements are held. Just found this place three flute carved from mammoth ivory and having a plurality of apertures. Archaeologists also discovered fragments of belonging, apparently, in the same flute. Radiocarbon analysis helped determine the age of these tools, and the oldest was dated 40 millennium BC. While this is the most ancient instrument that found on Earth, but possibly other instances simply not survived.
Similar flute and whistles found in Hungary and Moldova, but they were made in the 25-22 millennium BC.
Candidates for the title of the most ancient musical instruments
Although it is considered the oldest flutemusical instrument, it is not excluded, that in fact the first was made drum or any other device. For example, Australian aborigines believe that their national instrument called the didgeridoo is the oldest, its history goes in depth the history of the indigenous people of this continent, which, according to scientists, has from 40 to 70 thousand years. Thus, it is possible that the didgeridoo is indeed the oldest tool. It is an impressive piece of eucalyptus trunk, in some cases, up to three meters in length, with a hollow core, eaten away by termites.
Since didgeridoo always cut from different barrels with different shape, their sound is never repeated.
The oldest date back to the drums have been found in allthe fifth millennium BC, but scientists believe that this is one of the most likely candidates for the title of the first musical instrument. Its long history is referred to as a large variety of modern drum and their almost universal prevalence, as well as simple and uncomplicated design that would allow even the most ancient ancestors of people playing music with the help of simple tools. In addition, it is proved that in many cultures drum music was a very important part of life: it is accompanied by all the holidays, weddings, funerals, war.