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WHAT IS the history of the theater?

What is the history of the theater?

When it appeared the theater is not known.

Prehistoric hunters acted out stories about his exploits, the ancient Egyptians performed theatrical religious ceremonies, but the idea of ​​theater as entertainment and art came later.

ancient Theatre

The first European theatrical performancesappeared in the VI century BC religious festivals dedicated to the god of wine and fertility Dionysus. The actors used masks to show the emotions of characters and make it clear to the audience what sex and age of the person who has left the scene. The thousand-year tradition forbids women to play on the stage, there was in ancient Greek theater.

The first actor considered Greek Fesipa, won the poetry contest in honor of Dionysus.

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In the III century BC Romans, inspired by the Greek theater, created their own versions of ancient Greek plays, and began to put them on an improvised stage. Actors on these representations were slaves. Women are allowed to play only a minor role. Since the Roman theater had to fight for the attention of the audience, accustomed to the gladiatorial battles, public executions and chariot races, the play became increasingly contain scenes of violence and crude humor. With the spread of Christianity, such concepts come to an end.

The emergence of the theater of the Middle Ages

While medieval Europe theaterrepresentations were considered sinful, theatrical traditions have evolved. Minstrels came up and sang ballads at fairs were puppeteers, acrobats and storytellers. During Easter services priests played mysteries - theatrical history to allow illiterate people to understand the meaning of what is happening.

Later, the mystery began to play, and during other religious celebrations, representing various biblical stories.

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Renaissance Theatre

During the Renaissance (XIV-XVII centuries) an interestto revive the classical Greek and Roman theater. At the crossroads of ancient and medieval theater tradition emerged the secular theater, there was a commedia dell'arte - improvised spectacle, created by several actors in masks. In these plays the first time since Roman times to the scene were allowed to return to women.

In 1576 it was the first built in LondonThe theater building, before all the pieces played in hotels, at fairs or in the middle stage of the halls in castles and the noble houses. The Queen Elizabeth I patronized the theater arts, in an era that bears her name, the first professional playwrights, the most famous of which - the great Shakespeare, actors use props tradition and change costumes during the show. Finally, classical theater formed by the middle of the XVIII century.

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