Name of the glorious knight errant Don Quixote oneveryone's lips, even those who have not read the famous novel by Cervantes. A passionate admirer of chivalry, fifty crank Alonso Quijano has invented for itself a new name and decided to become famous knightly deeds.
What is the history of the novel, a story about the adventures of Don Quixote?
Cervantes and his epoch
To understand the history of "Don Quixote", you need toclarify some facts from the life of the author and the novel features of the era in which he lived and worked. The life of Cervantes came in the crisis period in European history. Feudal Europe for several centuries into a region where there were social and industrial revolution, has successfully developed experimental science.
Spain, the birthplace of Miguel de Cervantes, in the XVI centuryIt has become a second-rate country, which although owned extensive colonies, but did not play a dominant role on the political scene in Europe. These features and the position of Spain is reflected in the story of the comic adventures of Don Quixote, accompanied by his squire Sancho Panza.
Cervantes was born near Madrid. He was not able to study in large universitetah- all his vast knowledge - the result of profound erudition. In addition, the author of "Don Quixote" liked to listen to and watch theatrical performances, which often gave itinerant actors.
On stage street theater played outfascinating presentation about the life of knights, about the life and the life of medieval Europe. Some scenes and became the starting point for the creation of Cervantes courtly romance.
From the history of "Don Quixote"
In 1587 Cervantes was a modest positionand began to manage the procurement of supplies for the future of the Spanish campaign to the coast of Britain. However, the business skills he had and was even for a time imprisoned after being accused of embezzlement.
While in prison, and came to Cervantesimage of the future hero, who had gone mad under the influence of chivalry and went in search of adventure, appeared before the world as a Knight of the Sorrowful Countenance.
His work initially conceived Cervantesto make novel. The researchers suggest that, in its original version of the story of the exploits of Don Quixote's consisted of several chapters and the future of the novel was printed as a separate publication.
Roman Cervantes was not created overnight. In fact, the product is a two novels, which were published with a gap of ten years. The first part was published in 1605, the year, the second - in 1615 th. Only twenty years after the publication of the second part of the work of publishers joined in one novel, which received the abbreviated name of "Don Quixote".