With a formal and superficial glance at history, it may seem that it consists of separate facts, little connected with each other.
If we apply to the science of dialecticalApproach, it becomes obvious that the whole course of civilization is a continuous historical process, where all events are interrelated and are in causal dependence.
The historical process as a progressive development of society
In the most general sense, the process is calledThe progressive development of a phenomenon that is accompanied by a change in the states of the system. The historical process is a consistent and regular change in the life of human society, in which one can observe both progressive development and temporary regressive retreats.
All development of society, from the allocationMan from the natural world and ending with the modern era, there is a single historical process. Its course is primarily determined by the development of the productive forces and those events in which, in one way or another, large groups of people belonging to different generations took part.
Conventionally, the historical process can be divided intoSeparate social facts having their own structure. This includes the actions of individual representatives of the human community, who act as leaders, as well as joint actions of social groups. In the structure of socio-historical process, historians also include tangible results of people's activities - material and spiritual.
Features of the historical process
A characteristic feature of the historical processIs the continuity of events taking place in society. It manifests itself in the regular change of generations, the development of views on society and culture, the qualitative change of philosophical doctrines and worldview. History is a series of social crises and periods of prosperity, military clashes and peaceful coexistence, temporary welfare states and economic decline.
The main attribute of the historical process -Progressive development. Being an objective reality, facts, events and phenomena in history arise, pass through periods of formation and naturally move towards their decline. One historical epoch replaces the other, each time removing the accumulated contradictions and ensuring the development at a higher level. The process of removing contradictions can proceed relatively smoothly, in an evolutionary way, and can take the form of acute social revolutions.
The historical process will never be able toAdherents of historical materialism consider it to be closer to its completion. As long as humanity exists, historical events related to its activities will take place. In its core essence, the historical process is a meandering road that connects individual points and leads from the past to the future. This path is full of obstacles, through overcoming of which civilization is steadily moving towards progress.