At the hearing the main person is the chairman, and all those present in the courtroom must comply with his instructions.
A court rules that came as no surprise, it is necessary to know the general procedure for the process.
Procedure for hearings oncivil cases is described in the Civil Procedure Code of Russia. The main person at the meeting is the judge. All actors and ordinary students must comply with his instructions and obey the instructions.
Preparatory part of the court hearing
The process begins with the fact that the Secretary shall report to appear and tells who came, who is missing and whether proper notification of the persons notified, involved in the case.
In the absence of any of them, the court setsto discuss the possibility of the beginning of the trial. When the absence is related to the improper notification or other good cause, the court postponed the matter for another day.
If there is no objection, not the person yavivsheesyanotified, the judge continued the hearing and establishes the person present themselves. Each participant of the process shows the passport and inform the court their personal data, including the place of residence and work.
The judge says, who is a member of the court, anddiscovers the existence of taps. If the court of taps is not stated, the participants of the process are explained procedural rights and the availability of applications installed. Their consideration and discussion of the end of the preparatory hearing.
The next stage - immediate considerationbusiness and study of all the circumstances. The judge read out the statement of claim and finds it relevant to the plaintiff and the defendant. As a rule, the plaintiff in the lawsuit insists, and the defendant does not agree with him.
The court then makes up for discussion the issue of the orderthe lawsuit. After hearing the views of the parties, the judge shall make the appropriate verbal definition, which sets the order in which will be studied all the materials of the case. As a rule, the parties in turn provide explanations and answer questions from the presiding officer. According to general rules, first reading gives the plaintiff, then - the defendant and the third party.
After the interrogation of the parties the court proceeds to the study of the evidence. As stated in the law, they may be: documents, evidence, expert opinions and testimony of witnesses and experts.
The first witnesses are heardreading, in the second - to survey the documents and physical evidence. Upon completion of the above proceedings the court asked the parties whether there is additional evidence, and whether it is possible to complete consideration of the claim.
If the plaintiff, the defendant and the third party agrees, and other means of evidence have been exhausted, the judicial investigation ends, and begin the judicial debate.
The first side of the debate in favor of the plaintiff. Then, the right word is given to the defendant and his representative. Third parties voiced after the performance of all parties. If the case the prosecutor is involved, it draws the conclusion at the end of the debate.
Speaking at the pleadings, a party mayto inform about certain circumstances that are important for the case, but have not been investigated in the course of the hearing. In such cases, the court must make a determination on the resumption of the trial on the merits and again go to trial.
After this procedure, the court held the debate again.
The meeting ends with the removal of a judgedeliberation room, to get out of the operative part of which is read out the verdict. Parties to explain how and when you can get the full text of the decision and the procedure for its appeal.
In that order the meeting held in civil cases.