Eating in everyday speech these or other words, the person usually does not think about the history of their origin. Another thing - linguists.
They spend a lot of time trying to get to the true meaning of the words and to restore the path of their development.
There is even a special branch of linguistics devoted to these issues, which is called etymology.
Etymology: two approaches to the concept of
The term "etymology" has Greek roots andIt comes from the words "truth" and "teaching". Usually this term is used in two main values, which should not be confused. When people talk about the etymology of an individual word, usually have in mind the establishment of its historical roots. Often the term is used to denote a section of linguistics, which just has been researching the origin of words.
The principles of this science can be applied to the full and"Etymology" to the term. It was first found in the writings of the ancient Greek philosophers. Components of this word are set to "faithful, true" and "the meaning of the teaching." In other words, etymology aims to find the true meaning of words. Of particular importance for linguists is the search for meaning of the word, which is embedded in it at the moment of creation, as well as tracking the dynamics of changes in the original sense.
Developing, words change not only their values,but also the external form. It is changing, in particular, the sound expression and phonetic form words. If the scientists manage to restore the most ancient form of the term, the question of its origin is often clear. Sometimes it turns out that the ancient sound of the alleged commission is not the meaning which the word investing modern native speakers.
The subject of etymology as a science should be consideredstudy the process of creating the vocabulary of the language and word formation sources. Linguists dealing with etymology, strive as far as possible to more accurately reconstruct the structure of the language, starting with the most ancient periods, when writing was in its infancy.
The etymological analysis aimed at identifyingof the formative model, in which there was a certain word. Especially exciting is to track historical changes in primary forms and their sequential transformation. Among the etymology of the methods can be called genetic analysis and comparative historical approach, which is most often used in combination.
As a branch of linguistics, etymology mostclosely linked to other sciences of language: lexicology, morphology, semantics, dialectology. Without the data, which provides the etymology, it is difficult to understand the nature of changes in the semantic structures that occur in the historical development of speech. etymology methods allow to penetrate those chronological levels where written history did not exist. This science is their data complements the information that humanity derives from the history and archeology.