These forgotten concepts as "mayor" and"Governor", as well as foreign word "mayor" appeared in the lexicon of the Russians in the 90-ies of the last century, when there was a process of federalization, formed local authorities, subjects of the federation formed.
But after fifteen years, it is still not very clear what these positions are different, and why it is called so.
Who are - the governor and the mayor
Since the Russian state system -Federation, this means that, as a state, it is composed of subjects. A region - part of the state, whether it is an autonomous republic or an autonomous region within the Russian Federation, or the edge of the area. All these administrative units have equal rights and are state structures, in performing its functions of the state borders.
In Article 18, h.6 of the Federal Law "On general principles of organization of legislative (representative) and executive bodies of state power of subjects of the Russian Federation," it is said that the subject of the Russian Federation shall have the right to establish their own job title of senior official, taking into account the historical, national and other traditions. This name should be reflected in the statutes of the Federation. Historically, the administrative units of the Russian Empire were the province, therefore, developing their charters, executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation agreed that a senior official of a public authority would be named by the governor.
Settlements located on the territory ofthe Federation, have the status of settlement and are not public authorities. In accordance with the 3rd and the 12th article of the Constitution, the power carrier - the Russian people their powers can be performed by self-government elections. By analogy with foreign elective offices, the heads of local authorities, it was decided to name the mayors. Although in recent years, many local governments have made changes to their statutes and official documents are now referred to as the mayors of the heads of municipal formations.
The mayor, or is it the governor and the mayor
In addition to the above subjects of the Russian Federation, one of themit was decided to include the two cities of federal importance - it is the former and current Russian capital of St. Petersburg and Moscow. During the parade of sovereignties statutes of these entities top officials of these cities have been awarded the official title "Mayor", but later the decision of the St. Petersburg Legislative Assembly of the post was renamed the "governor." It turns out that Moscow, as the subject of the Federation, headed by the mayor, and St. Petersburg - the governor. But, if you follow historical tradition in Russia, the head of the capital's authorities always were called "mayors".