For a beginning musician, the difference in the structure of the major and minor scales and chords becomes clear not immediately.
Meanwhile, to know how to build a gamma or chord, you need to read the digits and pick up the accompaniment.
Remember the features of this and other kinds of tonalities is not difficult, you just need to remember the alternation of intervals.
The words "major" and "minor" of Latin origin. The first in translation means "big" or "merry", the second - "small" and "sad." Accordingly, you can distinguish between types of tonalities by sound. The work written in majeur sounds cheerful and life-affirming. The play in a minor is sad. Keep in mind that this has nothing to do with tempo: things written in minor keys can be fast, and major ones slow.
It is easiest to imagine the structure of the major orMinor scales, if before the eyes there is a piano keyboard. Find the sound "before". Gamma in C major is played only on white keys, and if you record it, there will be no signs with the key. The "to" key is located to the left of the group of two black keys. Note that on the piano, the distance between the adjacent keys, be they white or black, is half the tone. Accordingly, there is a tone between and before, and between the two - a tone, between and half a tone. That is, the first part of the major scale can be represented as 2T-1 / 2T.
Similarly, count the second part. From fa to salt - tone, from salt to la - tone, from la to si - tone, from si to upper to half - tone. The second part in the formula will look like 3T-1 / 2T. Accordingly, the whole structure of the major scale looks like 2T-1 / 2T-3T-1 / 2T. In the same way, any other major scale is built. If the distance between the adjacent white keys is not the distance that is required by the structure, then the black one is taken, that's all. There is also a harmonic major with a raised fourth stage, it sounds like a minor in sound.
In the same way, you can determine the structure of the minor. Minor scale, which is played on some white keys, is built from the sound of a. The corresponding key is in the group where the three keys are black, between the middle black and right. From la to sy - tone, between si and do - half - tone, between to and retin, re and mi - ton, mi - fa - half tone, fa-salt - tone, salt-la-tone. The formula of the natural minor looks like T-1 / 2T-2T-1 / 2T-2T. In collections of scales, you can still find harmonic and melodic minors. At the first - the seventh step is raised, at the second - the sixth and the seventh at movement upwards. When moving down, the melodic minor sounds like natural.
Significant differences have major and minorChords. Both tonic triads consist of a large and small third. But in the case of a major triad, the big third is located below, and the small one is on the contrary. For example, a pre-major triad consists of sounds before, mi and salt. Between to and mi - two tones, between mi and salt - one and a half. If we consider a parallel minor, then the tonic triad looks like la-do-mi, that is, between a and a half and a half tone, between two and two.