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What is the Bologna process

What is the Bologna process

The phrase "Bologna Process" on hearing almostevery Russian student, but here's the paradox: not every student a clear idea what it is, although the Bologna system is now accepted by most universities in Russia.

What is the Bologna Process By and large,Bologna process - the process of creating European countries unified educational space. The name "Bologna" he received from the Italian city of Bologna, where the Declaration was signed in 1999. In it it was formulated the main provisions of the Bologna process, its basic tasks, the main of which was the comparability of the various European educational systems. It was assumed that the main objectives of the Bologna Process will be achieved by 2010. At this point of the process participants are 47 European countries, the only European countries that are not party to the process - Monaco and San Marino. Russia joined the project in 2003. The main provisions of the Bologna process • Adoption of the so-called system of comparable degrees - it suggests that education in different countries will be comparable to the level of the program and, hence, the process can guarantee students the opportunity for further education or employment in another country. • Two-tier education system. First level - Preliminary, it lasts at least three years and provides a graduate with a bachelor's degree. The second level - a final, lasting two years, provides a master's degree or doctorate. • Permanent education quality control • Introduction of a credit system. Credit in education - offset, to the students after listening to a particular course lasting a semester or two semesters. The system also includes the student's right to choose the courses studied. • Expansion of student mobility • The development of the European education system Bologna process in Russia in Russian educational innovations have to deal with the peculiarities of the Russian educational system and the state as a whole. For example, unlike other European countries, in Russia, the main elite universities are concentrated in Moscow, St. Petersburg and some administrative centers. This deprives students of the opportunity to receive heartland quality higher education - the low level of mobility is associated with low incomes, and it contradicts one of the basic principles of the Bologna process. Russian universities have to give up the traditional qualification "specialist", which in European countries does not exist. However, Russian employers are not entirely clear what to do with the candidates for the position, which is specified in the diploma "bachelor" - many perceive this degree as "nedovysshee" education. And due to the high cost of master degree graduates are many refuse admission to the second stage of training. Critics of the Bologna system in Russia is often said that the reduction of the basic training program from five to three or four years - it is only an attempt to cut back on educational disciplines and spending on education. Unfortunately, in many Russian universities this pattern actually observed. But in fact, the Bologna system should ensure better opportunities in the choice of the student studied disciplines and focus on those disciplines that will form the basis of his professional competence. Interim results of the Bologna process in 2010, which is when making the declaration has been selected as the final term of the process, the preliminary results were announced. European Ministers of Education concluded that the goal of the Bologna Process "as a whole is achieved." Indeed, over the years, cooperation has been established between many European universities, education systems have become more accessible and transparent, have been developed and given in the practice of educational standards, quality control, education authorities. But, of course, authors and performers the idea of ​​creating a single European educational space has yet to fix a lot of flaws and spend a great job before the mechanism is fully operational in all countries.

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