Seven Wonders of the World - a list of the most ancient,famous and rather pompous monuments. Facilities worthy of this title, in ancient times there were many more, but to describe the wonders was chosen the number 7, which was considered a sacred symbol of completeness, completion and perfection.
Therefore, the most grandiose monuments were listed, and some true masterpieces of ancient architecture and art marvels did not.
Pyramid - the most famous "miracle"
Many people mistakenly believe that the wonders of the worldincludes all of the pyramid, in fact it is not. "Miracle" is considered to be only the Pyramid of Cheops. This pyramid at the time was the largest building in the world, a title she wore more than 3000 years before the construction of the Cathedral in Lincoln, UK. The pyramid is part of a complex Gizehskih buildings, which are the largest and most numerous pyramids of Egypt. The height of the pyramid of Cheops is 138 meters, its construction it is estimated it took about 20 years, the name of the Egyptian pyramids sounds like: "Akhet-Khufu" - "Horizon of Khufu."
The first list of wonders of the world is attributed to Herodotus. The list appeared in ancient Greece in the V century BC. e .. Miracles were on the island of Samos. That list consists of three miracles: Aqueduct in the form of a tunnel, dam at the port on the island, the Temple of the goddess Hera.
Temple of Artemis
The temple, built in honor of the Greek goddessHunt of Artemis in the city of Ephesus on the coast of Asia Minor. Now the town of Selcuk is called and it is located on the territory of Turkey. The imposing building, the roof of which was held by 127 columns, once commanded respect and admiration of people of the city of Ephesus. Temple did not belong to the authorities of the city, but was in fact a separate independent block, which the Governing Council of the priests. This grandiose architectural structure over the centuries are constantly exposed to destruction and looting, and after the prohibition of paganism was completely closed and now the temple there were only ruins and one column.
The lighthouse was built on the small MediterraneanThe island of Pharos, near Alexandria coast. This building is considered to be the first in the history of the building performs the function of the lighthouse. The lighthouse was destroyed by an earthquake, then in its place was built by the crusaders fortress that stands there now.
The first mention of the seven wonders in Russia occurs in Simeon of Polotsk, familiar with their description of some Byzantine sources.
The Colossus of Rhodes
Giant bronze-iron statueGreek sun god Helios, which stood in the port city on the island of Rhodes in the Aegean Sea that bears the same name. At the time, the statue was the biggest all-metal monument of the ancient world, like the Eiffel Tower today. The statue had a height of 36 meters, its creation took about 13 tons of bronze, and 8 tons of iron, was destroyed in the earthquake.
Statue of Olympian Zeus
A huge statue of Zeus in the same huge temple,the only "miracle" is located in Europe, in the list of wonders is located at # 2. Zeus's body was made of wood covered with ivory, cape and scepter of gold, the height of the statue according to various estimates ranged from 13 to 17 meters. With the ban pagan temple of Zeus was closed, the statue was dismantled and taken to Constantinople, where it was burned in a fire. Creator of the statue is a famous sculptor Phidias of Athens at that time, this fact is known for sure, and not questioned.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Architectural building, built on the ordersBabylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II for his wife Amitis. The exact location was not possible to establish the location of this architectural monument. At its core, this "miracle" represents a huge flowerbed, pyramidal structure, equipped with advanced irrigation system that allows gardens to bloom in the middle of a barren desert. The structure was washed away by a flood, leaving only the whole terrace.
mausoleum of Halicarnassus
Tombstone Carian king namedMausolus, and so it was named the mausoleum. It is believed the mausoleum and construction of the first in the history of mankind, from which the names and coined the term mausoleum. It was partially destroyed by an earthquake, what is left, in the XVI century, the Crusaders dismantled for bricks. The ruins of this architectural monument included in the list of wonders of the world, located on the territory of the Turkish resort of Bodrum.