Seven wonders of the world - a list of the oldest,Famous and rather pathos monuments of architecture. There were much more buildings worthy of this title, but for the description of miracles the number 7 was chosen, which was considered a sacred symbol of completeness, perfection and perfection.
Therefore, the list included the most grandiose monuments, and some of the original masterpieces of ancient architecture and art miracles did not.
Pyramids are the most famous "miracle"
Many people mistakenly believe that the wonders of the worldAll the pyramids belong, in fact it is not. "Miraculous" is considered only the pyramid of Cheops. This pyramid at one time was the largest building in the world, this title it bore more than 3000 years, before the construction of the cathedral in Lincoln, in the UK. The pyramid is part of the complex of Gizehsky buildings, which are the largest and most numerous pyramids of Egypt. The height of the Cheops pyramid is 138 meters, it took about 20 years to build it according to approximate calculations, the Egyptian name of the pyramid sounds like "Ahet Khufu" - "Horizon Khufu".
The first list of wonders of the world is attributed to Herodotus. The list appeared in Ancient Greece in the V century BC. Wonders were on the island of Samos. That list consisted of 3 wonders: the Aqueduct in the form of a tunnel, the Dam in the port on the island, the Temple of the goddess Hera.
Temple of Artemis of Ephesus
Temple built in honor of the ancient Greek goddessHunting Artemis, in the city of Ephesus on the coast of Asia Minor. Now this city is called Selcuk and it is located on the territory of Turkey. An impressive building, the roof of which was supported by 127 columns, at one time inspired respect and admiration for the inhabitants of the city of Ephesus. The temple did not belong to the authorities of the city, but was in fact a separate independent quarter, which was administered by a council of priests. This grandiose architectural structure for centuries has been constantly destroyed and looted, and after the prohibition of paganism was completely closed, now from the temple there were only ruins and one column.
The lighthouse was built on a small MediterraneanIsland of Faros, near the shores of Alexandria. This building is considered to be the first building in the history of mankind to perform the functions of a lighthouse. The lighthouse was destroyed by an earthquake, later on in its place the crusaders built a fortress, which stands there now.
The first mention of the Seven Wonders in Russia is found in Simeon of Polotsk, familiar with their description from some Byzantine source.
The Colossus of Rhodes
Giant bronze-iron statueAncient Greek sun god Helios, who stood in the port city of Rhodes on an island in the Aegean Sea, bearing the same name. At one time this statue was the largest all-metal monument of the ancient world, like the Eiffel Tower now. The statue had a height of 36 meters, it took about 13 tons of bronze and 8 tons of iron, it was destroyed in the earthquake.
Statue of Zeus of the Olympic
A huge statue of Zeus in the same huge temple,The only "miracle" located in Europe, on the list of miracles is located in 2 place. The body of Zeus was made of wood covered with ivory, a cape and a scepter of gold, the height of the statue according to different data was from 13 to 17 meters. With the prohibition of paganism, the temple of Zeus was closed, the statue was disassembled and taken to Constantinople, where it was burnt as a result of a fire. The creator of the statue is the famous sculptor of the time Phidias of Athens, this fact is for sure known and is not questioned.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Architectural structure, built by orderBabylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II for his wife Amitis. The exact location of this architectural monument could not be established. In its essence, this "miracle" was a huge flower bed, a pyramidal structure, equipped with a perfect irrigation system, allowing the gardens to bloom in the middle of a barren desert. The structure was washed away by a flood, only the terraces remained intact.
The tombstone of the Karian king by nameMausol, due to which he was called the mausoleum. It is considered the first in the history of mankind to be a mausoleum and a structure, from the name of which the term mausoleum appeared. It was partially destroyed by an earthquake, what was left, in the 16th century the Crusaders dismantled the bricks. The ruins of this architectural monument, included in the list of wonders of the world, are located on the territory of the Turkish resort of Bodrum.