What are the nature and mechanisms of stuttering?
In the world literature there is a very good example,Which helps to understand the nature of stuttering. Alan Marshall in the book "I know how to jump through puddles" describes one woman who had a long and ugly hair on her chin. The people around her were wondering why she did not shave it. And the whole point is that if she shaved it off, she would recognize the fact of its existence. This would require the courage to admit its shortcoming, to meet with something unattractive in itself.
This comparison allows one to understand one aspectStuttering. The stutterer (in the overwhelming majority of cases) tries to hide his defect, to deny, to reject it, to make enormous efforts to ensure that no one understands that he stutters. He is constantly struggling with his stammering.
That is, the stutterer denies the fact of his stammering. It also manifests itself in the fact that the stutterer during the speech makes a lot of effort to hide it.
How will behave the person denyingThe fact of the existence of his hand? He will hide his hand, mask her, he will feel fear that someone will understand what he is hiding, he will be constantly worried. The more he hides his hand, the more attention he will pay to her, the stranger he will look in the eyes of others.
Similar situation and stuttering. The more a person tries not to stutter, the stronger begins to strain, which subsequently increases stutter. A person can not think about anything without object. If he thinks about breathing, this is the thought of breathing- if he thinks about not breathing, then this is also the thought of breathing. If a person thinks about his stammering, this is a thought of stuttering, if he thinks about not stuttering, then this is the same thought. Also, the state of stuttering is heavily charged emotionally. Anxiety, fears and other negative emotions accompany the stammering person.
These reflections lead to someVery interesting conclusions. The most important, in my opinion, is the fact that it is useless to struggle with stuttering. It only strengthens it. I really want not to stutter, but it is this very desire that I create and strengthen stutter. Is not it paradoxical?
Probably, this plays one of the keyRoles in the fact that a stuttering person after the middle of life speech problems usually begins to weaken. At this age, they are simply leaving the irreconcilable position that was before.
If stuttering is painfulIs perceived by a person, he may have a desire not to speak or speak as little as possible, i.e. Do not expose yourself to such unpleasant sensations. He begins to move away from the situations of speaking, to think about how to say less or not at all, is locked in himself.
This phenomenon is called the "paradox of a log" andDescribed by V. Levi. If the log lies on the ground, then it is very easy to pass through it, if you lift it by a meter, then it is more difficult to pass, if it is 20 meters, it is simply impossible for an unprepared person to pass. In the latter case, a person begins to think about how not to fall. That is, he directs his efforts to the thought of falling, thereby programming and forming those awkward movements that will prevent him from passing. The same mechanism is also relevant for stuttering.