What is the nature and mechanisms of stuttering?
In the world literature there is a very good example,which helps to understand the nature of stuttering. Alan Marshall in his book "I can jump over a puddle," describes a woman who had a long and ugly hair on his chin. Surrounding her people wondered why she did not shave it. And the thing is, that if she had shaved, he would have recognized the fact of its existence. This would require the courage to admit its fault, to meet with something unattractive in itself.
This comparison allows us to understand one aspect ofstuttering. Stutter (in most cases) is trying to hide his lack of deny, reject it, throw a huge effort to ensure that no one knew what he stammers. He constantly struggles with his stutter.
That is stuttering denies his stuttering. It is also manifested in the fact that stuttering during speech puts a lot of effort to hide it.
How will behave person who deniesthe existence of his hands? He will hide his hand, her mask, he will experience the fear that someone will realize that he hides, it will be constantly concerned. The more he will hide your hand, the more attention it will pay to it, the stranger it will look in the eyes of others.
A similar situation and with stuttering. The more a person tries not to stutter, the more starts to strain, which subsequently increases the stuttering. One can not think of something pointless. If he thinks about how to breathe, it is the thought of dyhanii- if he thinks about how to breathe, it also thought about breathing. If a person thinks about his stuttering, stuttering is thought of when he thinks about how not to stutter, then it's the same idea. Also, the state of stuttering heavily loaded emotionally. Anxiety, fear and other negative emotions accompany stuttering man.
These considerations lead to somevery interesting conclusions. The most important, in my opinion, is the one that is useless to struggle with stuttering. It only enhances it. I really do not want to stutter, but it was this same desire I create and exacerbate stuttering. Is not ironic is not it?
Probably, it plays a keyroles that have stuttering man after a mid-life speech problems usually starts to wane. At this age, just go already with intransigence, which has been before.
If stuttering painfullyperceived by the person, he may be tempted not to tell or say as little as possible, ie, not to expose themselves to such unpleasant sensations. He starts to walk away from themselves speaking situations, to think about how to say less or not at all to say, withdraws into himself.
This phenomenon is called "the paradox of the logs" andV.Levi described. If a log lying on the ground, then it is very easy to pass, if we raise it to a meter, it is more difficult to pass, and if 20 meters, the untrained person is simply impossible to pass. In the latter case, the person begins to think about how to keep from falling. That is, he is focusing on the idea of the fall and thus programming and forming those awkward movements, which prevent pass. The same mechanism is relevant and stuttering.