Scleroderma - a chronic inflammation of the connective tissue from the group of collagen diseases. The disease is characterized by sealing the skin and surrounding tissues.
With the spread of the scar tissue begins to form, and in the internal organs - lungs, heart, kidneys, musculoskeletal system.
Causes of scleroderma
Scleroderma attributed to multifactorialdiseases. The causes of the disease is not clearly clarified, possible genetic predisposition. Proved external factors are previous acute or chronic infection (disease of tonsils, sinuses, nervous system), frostbite and hypothermia the body, prolonged exposure to vibration, the effect of toxic substances.
Symptoms of scleroderma
The initial symptoms of scleroderma - redness andswelling of the face and hands. These symptoms appear and disappear for a long time. After a while, there comes a new phase of the disease, the skin thickens, facial expression disappears, the face becomes masklike. Changing skin pigmentation, the edges of affected areas are purple, with a pale center. Skin tightly soldered with subcutaneous structures. Next, atrophic, stage of disease, the skin becomes thin, unnaturally shiny, taut, sick is difficult to completely open his mouth. In the hands arise contracture and deformation of nails. One of the characteristic features - Raynaud's syndrome, characterized by spasms of limb vessels in the skin in the cold or under stress. Scleroderma also may be manifested by muscle and joint pain, visceral. If it affects the lungs cough and shortness of breath occur, with involvement of the gastrointestinal tract develop bloating, heartburn, constipation or diarrhea.
The forms of scleroderma
The disease has two main forms: focal and systemic. Alopecia Scleroderma occurs in people of all ages. It is characterized by the rapid formation of skin atrophy. Limited forms may terminate in recovery, but can pass the disease to diffuse form. Systemic form is most dangerous, it exposed mainly middle-aged women. It is a progressive disease with skin lesions and internal organs. The disease - inflammation of the small vessels. The process is gradually spreading to the skin of the face down to the neck, trunk and extremities.
The diagnosis of "sclerosis" setsdoctor-dermatologist. Treatment is prescribed depending on the stage and form of the disease. It is aimed at the treatment and prevention of vascular complications and the suppression of fibrosis. Typically prescribed medications that improve blood circulation, reduce blood viscosity and vasodilators. Be sure to anti-inflammatory therapy is performed to remove the articular manifestations. When edema is prescribed hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs.
In localized scleroderma effectivebalneotherapy - sulphide baths, sodium chloride baths, sulphurous shower. Patients with systemic sclerosis recommended radon baths. An important place in the treatment of patients take physiotherapy. When focal form shown massage, vacuum therapy, ultrasound, physiotherapy, general inductothermy. Patients are encouraged to a certain work and rest mode, the annual active dispensary observation.
People with scleroderma do not have a long timein the sun, supercool, protect hands and feet cold. We need every possible way to avoid stressful situations, to prevent vasospasm. Unacceptable unsystematic adoption of antibiotics because they can cause adverse reactions and aggravate the condition.