Scleroderma is a chronic inflammatory lesion of connective tissue, from the group of collagen diseases. The disease is characterized by densification of the skin and nearby tissues.
With the spread of the process, scar tissue begins to form in the internal organs - in the lungs, heart, kidneys, musculoskeletal system.
Causes of Scleroderma
Scleroderma is referred to as multifactorialDiseases. The causes of the onset of the disease are not clearly understood, a genetic predisposition is possible. Proved external factors are the preceding acute or chronic infections (diseases of the tonsils, paranasal sinuses, nervous system), hypothermia and frostbite, prolonged exposure to vibrations, the action of toxic substances.
Symptoms of scleroderma
The initial signs of scleroderma are redness andSwelling of the skin of the face and hands. These symptoms then appear, then disappear for a long time. After a while a new phase of the disease, the skin thickens, facial expression disappears, the face becomes mask-like. Changing pigmentation of the skin, the edges of the affected areas become lilac, with a pale center. The skin tightly solder with subcutaneous structures. At the next, atrophic, stage of the disease, the skin becomes thinner, it becomes unnaturally shiny, strained, it is difficult for the patient to completely open his mouth. On hands there are contractures and deformations of nails. One of the characteristic features is Raynaud's syndrome characterized by spasms of the skin of the extremities in the cold or under stress. Also, scleroderma can manifest as muscle and joint pain, damage to internal organs. With lung damage, cough and shortness of breath arise, with the involvement of the gastrointestinal tract develop flatulence, heartburn, constipation or diarrhea.
Forms of scleroderma
The disease has two main forms: Focal and systemic. Focal scleroderma occurs in people of any age. It is characterized by the rapid formation of skin atrophy. Limited forms may end in convalescence, but a possible transition of the disease into a diffuse form. The systemic form is most dangerous, it affects mostly middle-aged women. This is a progressive disease with damage to the skin and internal organs. At the heart of the disease - inflammatory lesion of small vessels. The process gradually spreads from the skin of the face down to the neck, trunk and limbs.
Treatment of scleroderma
The diagnosis "scleroderma" putsDoctor-dermatovenereologist. Treatment is prescribed depending on the stage and form of the disease. It is aimed at treatment and prevention of vascular complications and suppression of fibrosis. Usually prescribe drugs that improve blood circulation, reduce blood viscosity and vasodilator. It is mandatory to perform anti-inflammatory therapy to eliminate joint manifestations. When edema is prescribed hormone anti-inflammatory drugs.
With focal scleroderma effectiveBalneotherapy - sulphide baths, chloride sodium baths, sulfur shower. Patients with systemic scleroderma are recommended radon baths. A significant place in the treatment of patients is occupied by physiotherapeutic procedures. With a focal form, massage, vacuum therapy, ultrasound, exercise therapy, general inductothermia are shown. Patients are recommended a certain mode of work and rest, an annual active dispensary observation.
Sufferers scleroderma should not last longBe in the sun, supercool, protect hands and feet in frost. It is necessary to avoid stress situations in every possible way, so as not to allow spasm of blood vessels. It is unacceptable for unsystematic administration of antibiotics, since they are capable of causing side reactions and aggravate the condition.