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What is lactic acid

What is lactic acid

Chemically lactic acid - a breakdown product of glycolysis or two substances - glucose and glycogen.

It was during glycolysis energy is released as required athletes during training.

Where it went the opinion of the excess lactic acid in the body

There is a widespread belief that lactic acidIt causes a lot of problems, and to athletes is the real enemy, a serious obstacle to a successful sports career. It is believed that if an athlete in the body levels of lactate above normal, he feels severe pain and cramps in the muscles, and may be oxygen starvation.
To find out more, or the veracitythe falsity of the stereotype, you should contact to start to biochemistry. Formally, the lactic acid - split into two glucose molecules, which is in the process of splitting - glycolysis - allocates special substance - pyruvate. These substances are human muscle is used as energy fuel, and without them, the muscles simply will not be able to contract and relax, which means a complete standstill.
Especially a lot of pyruvate because of the increasedglycolysis intensity generated during physical exercise and excess of the substance finally converted back into lactic acid. That is why intensive training often lead to an excess of lactic acid in the muscles of athletes. However, the view that lactic acid causes the characteristic pain that usually overtakes athletes and bodybuilders a few days after training, nothing is confirmed and not scientifically proven. For fifteen years have passed since then, as the scholars have found the true cause of post-workout muscle pain - is banal microtrauma of the muscle fibers associated with an unusually heavy load.

What the body needs lactic acid?

Lactic acid - a key source of energy forthe whole organism. If sports training intensity is very high, it worked out in the so-called fast fibers, lactic acid is transported in the slow fibers, which then is converted into energy fuel.
It is in the muscles of an athlete is processed threequarter of the total volume of generated lactic acid. About a quarter of lactic acid from the muscle fibers falls through the circulatory system in the liver and kidneys, where processed successfully. Thus, the widespread belief of the so-called "surplus" of lactic acid in the body has not to date no scientific evidence.

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