Healthy heart - is working around the clock muscle pump, pumping blood from the atria to the ventricles.
At heart defects occur such structural changes in the heart or major blood vessels in which blood circulation is disrupted.
What are heart defects
In its origin the vices are divided intocongenital and acquired. The first arise during fetal development before birth. These include anatomical heart defects, valvular heart or blood vessels. Cause birth defects can be the mother's viral infection (rubella, cytomegalovirus infection), alcohol poisoning, drugs. Sometimes the cause is heredity or hormonal imbalance mother. Increased incidence of congenital malformations in mothers' age of the child. These heart defects are formed on the 2-8 th week of development.
There are over a hundred varieties of birthheart defects. Often used the division into "blue" vices, accompanied by a bluish skin, and "white" defects, when characterized by pale curtains. By "blue" include tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia, transposition of the great vessels. "White" vices called ventricular septal defects, aortic stenosis, atrial septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus, coarctation of the aorta and isolated stenosis of the pulmonary trunk.
Congenital can appear immediately after thebirth of a child, but more pronounced changes appear after three years. The child lags behind physically, there is cyanosis or pale skin, shortness of breath on exertion. "White" defects sometimes occur only at school age in the form of headaches, heart pains, shortness of breath.
Acquired defects develop as a resultvarious diseases. Most often, heart defects cause rheumatic fever and infective endocarditis. Less common causes are syphilis, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, a variety of cardiac injury.
Treatment and prevention of heart diseases
Most birth defects are leveled withage alone. In severe cases, there is a risk of heart failure that requires surgical intervention. Acquired defects treated conservatively, but with an increase in the symptoms displayed operation prosthetic heart valves or dissection of fused valve leaflets.
Significantly reduce the risk of heart diseaseIt helps prevent and competent treatment of streptococcal infections (tonsillitis), which are the main causes of rheumatism. When you have already developed rheumatism needed bitsillinoprofilaktika at upcoming medical interventions - removal of teeth, tonsils, adenoids, and other operations. When the formed heart defects to prevent heart failure is recommended adherence to rational motor modes - walking, physiotherapy, reception restriction of salt, a complete protein food, medical check-up by a cardiologist.