Geoecology is a scientific direction covering areas of study of ecology and geography.
The subject and tasks of this science are not exactly defined,In its framework, explore many different problems associated with the interaction of nature and society, with human influence on landscapes and other geographical envelopes.
History of geoecology
Geoecology stood out in a separate science aboutA hundred years ago, when the German geographer Carl Troll described the field of study of landscape ecology. From his point of view, this scientific activity should unite geographical and ecological principles in the study of ecosystems.
Geoecology developed slowly, in the SovietUnion, this term was first voiced in the 70's. By the beginning of the 21st century, both related areas - geography and ecology - have become quite accurate for predicting how the nature and various shells of the Earth will change depending on human influence. Moreover, scientists can already offer ways to solve problems associated with the negative impact of technological activities on nature. Therefore, geoecology in the new millennium began to develop at a rapid pace, the scope of its activities expanded.
Despite the fact that this discipline is becomingMore demanded, from a scientific point of view, it is not described enough. Researchers are more or less in agreement on the problems of geoecology, but they do not give a clear subject of research into this science. One of the most common assumptions about the subject is: these are processes occurring in the natural environment and in various shells of the Earth-the hydrosphere, the lithosphere, the atmosphere, and others, that arise as a result of anthropogenic interference and entail certain consequences.
In the study of geoecology there is a very important factor -It is necessary to take into account both spatial and temporal relations in research. In other words, for geoecologists, both the human influence on nature under different geographic conditions and the changes in these consequences over time are important.
Geoecologists investigate sources thatAffect the biosphere, study their intensity and reveal the spatial and temporal distribution of their action. They create special information systems, through which it is possible to provide constant control over the natural environment. Along with environmentalists, they consider pollution levels in various areas: in the oceans, in the lithosphere, in inland waters. They try to discover the influence of man on the formation of ecosystems and their functioning.
Geoecology deals not only with the existingNow the situation, but also predicts, and simulates the possible consequences of the ongoing processes. This allows you to prevent unwanted changes, and not to fight their consequences.