The word "gender" in the literal translation means "sex."
Nevertheless, the semantic content of these two terms is different.
This is especially evident in the notion of "gender policy".
Both concepts - gender and gender - characterize the division of people into men and women. But the term "sex" refers to biological separation, and "gender" refers to the social.
The difference between gender and gender
Sex is a biological characteristic of a person. It can be determined already in a newborn on the basis of primary sexual characteristics, i.e. On the anatomical structure of the external genitalia.
From this point of view, a man's sex does not in any way depend on the culture to which he belongs. Does not affect the sex and environment in which the child will grow and be brought up.
Gender is called social gender behaviorA person associated with his social role as a man or a woman. This is determined by a whole system of ideas about how a person of a certain sex should behave, and what behavior for him or her is prohibited. A gender role prescribes which professional activity is more acceptable for a man, and which for a woman. These ideas vary from era to era, and within the same time - from people to people, from culture to culture. This distinguishes gender from the biological characteristics of sex. For example, a US citizen from a biological point of view is no different from a resident of Saudi Arabia, but their position in society is different, related to gender.
Gender, as a social gender, may not coincideWith the biological as a result of education. Such human stories took place not only in the "depraved" modernity. For example, the famous pirate female, Mary Reed, was raised as a boy as a child. To obtain an inheritance, a male child was needed. This subsequently led to her occupation, which at the beginning of the eighteenth century could not in principle be considered "feminine."
The state policy related to the rights of men and women, gender differences, gender roles, is called gender policy.
The gender policy of the state in many respectsIs determined by the traditions of this or that people - national and religious. So today in many Muslim countries the rights of men and women differ. For women, the age of marriage comes earlier than for men. A man has the right to divorce his wife for no reason, and for women there is a rigid list of reasons why she can demand a divorce. Women are forbidden much of what is allowed to men, for example, to drive a car. If a woman violates the law, her husband is responsible.
In other states that make up the majorityTo date, the law declares gender equality. Marriage age is the same for men and for women. The right to elect and be elected is not connected with gender. Formally, the gender of the applicant can not be the reason for refusal to apply for a job. Nevertheless, the difference in rights and duties between men and women persists in separate moments. For example, in the Russian Federation only men are subject to conscription, and in Israel - both men and women.