When a person is faced with selling or buying an apartment, he needs to have an idea of its parameters and characteristics.
One of the main parameters isThe area of the apartment, and not just the area, but the one that is common and the one that is considered residential. They will never be equal and the total area is always greater than the living space.
Even without seeing the apartment, it is already possible to make a first impression about it by these two parameters.
Therefore, they are often indicated in the description of apartments offered for sale.
Determination of total area
Since the total area parameter refers toThe main characteristics of the apartment, its definition can be found in the RF LCD. In paragraph 5 of Article 15 it is said that it consists of the areas of all parts of a separate residential building - an apartment. It includes the areas of rooms and areas of premises that have an auxiliary purpose, for example, storerooms and cloakrooms. However, the area of the exterior parts of this room: terraces, balconies and loggias in the total area, according to the LC, are not included.
The definition of the "living area" in the LC is not given,But when calculating it, a normative document is used, such as the Instruction on the Accounting of Housing in the Russian Federation, approved by the order of the Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation No. 37 of 04.08.1998. According to this instruction, the area of loggias, balconies and terraces was included in the total area, but with decreasing Factors, for loggias it is equal to 0,5, for balconies and terraces - 0,3. Since 2005, the Instruction has been aligned with the LCD and these rooms are not used to account for the total area. Verandas and unheated pantries are included in the total area in full size. Residential area The instruction defines as a term of all living quarters in an apartment.
Total and residential area of the apartment
Thus, when calculating the total areaAll rooms in the apartment are taken into account: rooms, toilets, bathrooms, corridors and passages, kitchen, vestibules, built-in wardrobes, cold storerooms and a staircase, if the apartment is two-level. Of these, only the area of rooms will be taken into account as residential.
Quantitative characteristic of the living area is nowhereIs not used, the total area of the apartment is used for settlements for housing and communal services. But this concept is sometimes found in contracts for participation in shared construction. In them, the description of the apartment to be acquired by the participant is given on the basis of the data of the project documentation. These contracts also specify which area, total or residential, is taken as a basis in calculating the cost of the apartment. If the calculation is based on a residential area, this increases the cost per square meter, so often developers to determine the cost of using the total area to attract co-investors. But with a large footage of ancillary facilities, a shareholder, in the end, can give more money for an apartment. If you are going to buy an apartment on an equity basis, pay attention to this nuance in order to choose a more advantageous option for you.