The issue of racial and national differences at alltimes occupied the minds of many people, but his decision to take a variety of forms, ranging from cautious to aggressive nationalism, racism and apartheid policies.
The ideology and world view
Nationalism in the traditional sense isan ideology, which asserts that the nation is the largest leading value in the state, as the highest level of association of society. In this type of nationalism is not bad, since it only aims at the formation of a strong state based on the unity of the nation, the priority of its interests, values its history and culture.
Unfortunately, in today's language concept"Nationalism" are increasingly confused with chauvinism or xenophobia, which are characterized by an aggressive attitude towards the representatives of other nations. In fact, intolerance towards other nationalities is not a mandatory feature of nationalism.
While nationalism - an ideology,Racism is an ideology rather, the main feature of which is the idea of the superiority of one race over others. This superiority may relate to cultural development, intellectual or physical abilities of Representatives race, moral values and moral standards. A characteristic feature of racism is considered the allegation that the race of people initially were divided into higher and lower.
Regarding apartheid is in contrast to the twoprevious concepts, it refers not to an abstract ideology or set of beliefs, and specific actions carried out on the territory of South Africa from 1948 to 1994. The term "apartheid" in the translation from one of the African languages means "separation." So called a package of measures to establish a system of separation of white and black people in the country, received the South African government.
During apartheid, the indigenous population of South Africa wasforcibly moved to the reservation, the total size of which amounted to only 30% of the territory which was originally occupied by blacks. The rest of the country was supposed to belong to members of the white race. However, the policy of apartheid was not limited to the creation of reserves.
Many laws have been adopted, one way or anotherinfringes on the rights of blacks, for example, the law on the prohibition of mixed marriages, the education law, the law on the provision of separate services and even the position is approved discrimination on racial grounds in employment. The United Nations has for many years led the struggle against the South African government, trying to convince him to abandon the policy of apartheid, but only managed to do so in 1994, under the influence of multiple sanctions and the changing global trends.