Despite the tricky scientific name, with all the properties of the gyroscope are introduced in early childhood.
This is a great toy whirligig, which is cool and sparkling with bright colors, easy to cast light objects, staying itself in this case on the spot.
Perhaps as a child little Leon Foucault asany inquisitive child with admiration and curiosity watched the rotation of a simple wooden top. His property has been of interest rapidly rotating around its own axis of the disk to maintain a constant position of the axis of rotation in space. Growing up and becoming already a famous scientist, a French scientist Léon Foucault used this ability to spinning disk to prove that the Earth's daily rotation. The experiment was conducted in 1852. L. Foucault gave constructed a device with three degrees of freedom gyroscope name. Translated from the Greek word means "to observe the rotation."
What is the gyroscope
Gyroscope (gyroscope) is any solidphysical body, rapidly rotating around its axis of symmetry and thereby preserving the stability of the direction of the axis - the axis of the gyroscope. Examples of the gyroscope is the world of solar systems, artillery shells and bullets fired from a rifled barrel, the rotors in electrical machines and turbines. These properties are rapidly rotating disk in the universal joint is now widely used in the aviation and maritime navigation as an instrument to determine the cardinal points (gyro) and stabilizing devices.
From the history of navigation
Ancient sailors, though they were menbrave, but made their transitions mostly along the coasts of relatives, trying not to go beyond the limits of visibility. Swimming without the risk of getting lost in the vast ocean became possible only with the beginning of widespread use of magnetic compass. This happened in Europe in X-XI centuries. It is said that the Chinese used a magnetized arrow to determine the horizon of the parties even for 3000 years BC. The appearance of the binnacle on the ship floating in a liquid compass rose, always find their way to the north, it has expanded opportunities of navigation allowed to make transoceanic passages. However, the magnetic compass readings require constant adjustments and corrections for the magnetic variation and deviation.
Gyromagnetic compass (gyro)
Gyromagnetic compass - a device mainthe mechanism of which is the gyroscope. With its help determine the course of the aircraft or vessel to the true - the geographical meridian. Advantages to the gyro magnetic sibling consist in the fact that its readings to a much lesser degree affected by the electromagnetic fields surrounding the movable body and the metal. Besides gyro is characterized by high accuracy in terms of maneuvering.