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What genres of Roman poetry existed

"Metamorphoses" of Ovid became the basis of subjects in the painting of the Middle Ages

Ancient Roman poetry largely imitated ancient Greek, especially in the early stages. Roman poets borrowed from the Greek epic genre, lyric poetry, and epigrams.

Some Roman writers created new genres of the era.

epic genre

The beginning of the existence of ancient Greek literatureIt can be considered as 240 BC It was then that the Roman public for the first time looked at the performance of the Latin language. It was the play, translated and adapted by Livy Andronicus. He was the founder of the epic genre in Rome, moving poem "The Odyssey" of the ancient Greek poet Homer in the form of an old Latin poetry, which is also called the Saturn poetry.
The first author, had recourse to the Roman subjects,Gnaeus was Nevij. He, like Livius Andronicus, wrote in the epic genre. One of his poems Nevij Gnaeus dedicated to the First Punic War, in which he took part.
Ennius wrote a historical epic, knownas the "Annals", which described the history of Rome from its foundation to the era in which the poet lived. He borrowed the Greek poetry size - dactylic hexameter, which has become the main form of ancient Roman epic poetry.
The second most important after the homer in the genre of epic poetry is considered to be the Roman poet Virgil, composed the "Aeneid" in which he described the journey of the Greek hero Aeneas after the Trojan War.
The shape, size of the verse, the rhythm of "Metamorphoses" of Ovid also fall into the category of the epic genre. But unlike the "Aeneid" by Virgil, Ovid in the work is not a single storyline.

"Metamorphosis" - a collection of stories and myths about the Greek and Roman heroes. They are united by a common theme - the conversion of the main characters.

Roman satire

Early Latin Literature completed itsexistence with the arrival of Gaius Lucilius. He created a new genre of poetry, wrote his 30 books of satire. He became a follower of Juvenal, who developed the satirical genre. Horace wrote many poems in the genre of satire, ridiculing human vices. By satirical authors also adjacent Ovid.

Lyric poetry

The Romans borrowed from the Greek lyric poetry. The name itself indicates that the poems were accompanied by playing the lyre. This form of poetry Horace resorted to describe their lives and Roman society. Lyric poetry is also a good command of Catullus. His main literary work, a collection of love poetry, called "To Lesbia."


Epigram - a short poem, which is usually the last line is a humorous character or is a witty remark.
The Romans borrowed the genre in their Greek predecessors and contemporaries.

In contrast to the Greek, Roman epigrams are more satirical nature. Sometimes they are used rather harsh words and expressions.

Among Roman authors, who loved this genre, you cannote Domitius Mars and Marcus Annaeus Lucan. More known epigrams Gaius Valerius Catullus. Master Latin epigrams considered Martial. His poetry is closer to the modern genre of epigram. He often resorted to satire.

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