We all unrecognized futurologists, a drop of more than historians and little oracles.
Mysterious futurology is the science that deals with the study of the history of the future.
The conventional understanding of history - the natural science that studies past and present human society and the laws of its development.
Futurology examines the objectives, goals, direction of social movement and predicts possible difficulties.
Guessing on the lines of science
The unknown future is always agitated the minds of people, andPhilosophers, scientists simply lost in all sorts of theories and scientific concepts. Each of them is trying to develop its own for that could help predict the future. For example, the indeterminacy theory asserts that the coming events not prefigured over, and society itself can control your future. Other claims within the exact opposite - the future of mankind is programmed in advance (the theory of determinism). And according to the third theory, the people themselves the creators of their own future, but all their actions and decisions are predetermined initially.
The past is the future of science
As an offshoot of the philosophy of modern futurologyI concentrated a lot of concepts about the future. But, at the same time, futurology relates to the field of research that deal with the prospects of various social phenomena. This science is in some sense is a synonym for prognostication and prediction.
For the first time the term appeared in the text of futurologyperformances of the famous German sociologist O. Fleht-Heim. This scientist futurology meant by the philosophy of the future - completely new doctrine aimed at studying future prospects of all social phenomena. In his treatise "History and futurology" futurology author names effective tool in overcoming irrelevant and obsolete ideologies.
Before O. Fleht Khaimah to predict the likely options for the future social order tried in the days of the famous thinkers of the Middle Ages, Thomas More and Campanella Tomazzo.
In the 60s of the last century rating futurologyabruptly jumped up. Political scientists, economists, philosophers undertook actively to predict the future. They began to organize public organizations, which analyzed the current situation and the simulated versions of the future. So the most famous organization created in 1968, called the "Club of Rome". And in 1974, under the auspices of UNESCO started its activities futurological center "World Federation of the study of the future." Today, developing models and forecasts for the future functioning whole departments of research institutes and non-governmental organizations in an attempt to understand and predict the problems of modern society.