Literary composition is the ratio of parts of a work in a certain system and sequence.
In this case, the composition is a harmonious, complete system, including various methods and forms of literary and artistic representation and conditioned by the content of the work.
Subject composition elements
The prologue is the opening partWorks. It either anticipates the storyline or the main motifs of the work, or is a summary of the events that preceded the pages described in the book.
Exposition in something akin to the prologue, however, ifThe prologue does not have much influence on the development of the plot of the work, then the exposition directly introduces the reader into the atmosphere of the narrative. It describes the time and place of action, the central characters and their relationships. The exposure can be both at the beginning (direct exposure), and in the middle of the work (delayed exposure).
With a logically clear construction of the composition forExposure is followed by an outset - an event that begins the action and provokes the development of the conflict. Sometimes the outset precedes the exposition (for example, in Leo Tolstoy's novel Anna Karenina). In detective novels, which are distinguished by the so-called analytical plotting of the plot, the cause of events (ie, the plot) is usually opened to the reader after the result of the investigation.
Behind the outset traditionally follows the development of the action, consisting of a series of episodes in which the characters seek to resolve the conflict, but it only becomes more acute.
Gradually the development of action comes to itsThe highest point, which is called the culmination. The culmination is the decisive clash of characters or a turning point in their fate. After the culmination of the action uncontrollably moves to the denouement.
The denouement is the completion of action or atMeasure of conflict. As a rule, the denouement comes at the end of the work, but sometimes appears at the beginning (for example, IA Bunin's short story "Easy breathing").
Often the work ends with an epilogue. This is the final part, which usually tells about the events that followed after the completion of the main plot, and about the future fate of the characters. Such are epilogues in the novels of IS. Turgenev, F.M. Dostoevsky, L.N. Tolstoy.
Also in the composition can be presentFor example, lyrical digressions. In them the author himself appears before the reader expressing his own judgments on various issues that are not always directly related to the action. Of particular interest are the lyrical digressions in Eugene Onegin by A.S. Pushkin and in "Dead Souls" N.V. Gogol.
All these elements of the composition allow to give the work an artistic integrity, logic and excitement.