Dyspepsia is a collective term denoting digestive disorders that result from a lack of digestive enzymes or inadequate nutrition.
According to medical statistics, almost a third of the adult population periodically suffer from dyspepsia.
Types and causes of dyspepsia
Functional dyspepsia is not associated with a violationDigestion, but with this condition in practically healthy people, there are symptoms characteristic of diseases of the stomach or intestines. There are three varieties of this type of dyspepsia: dyskinetic, ulcerative and nonspecific. Most often in such patients there is pain in the upper abdomen, attacks of vomiting, nausea, frequent eructations, rapid satiety, a feeling of a full stomach. Pancreatic dyspepsia is caused by secretory insufficiency of the pancreas, the cause can be chronic pancreatitis, swelling, etc.
Alimentary dyspepsia occurs as a result ofProlonged unhealthy diet. This dyspepsia is divided into fatty, fermenting and putrefactive. Fat dyspepsia is caused by excessive use of refractory fats (pork, mutton fat). Fermentation dyspepsia is associated with an abundant intake of carbohydrates (sugar, honey, peas, beans, flour products) and fermented beverages. Putrefactive dyspepsia develops with excessive consumption of protein products, especially pork and lamb meat, which is very slowly digested in the intestine. Sometimes such dyspepsia occurs as a result of the use of spoiled meat products in food. Due to unhealthy nutrition, cleavage products irritate mucosal receptors and cause acceleration of peristalsis, which, in turn, disrupts the normal development of the intestinal microflora and causes dysbacteriosis.
In young children, dyspepsia occurs in the case ofInconsistency of the composition or amount of food to the possibilities of their gastrointestinal tract. In adolescence, dyspepsia sometimes develops due to imbalance of hormones. In a critical period of development, the gastrointestinal tract becomes too susceptible to the slightest inaccuracies in nutrition. The situation is aggravated by the fact that teenagers are active consumers of fast food and carbonated beverages.
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Disease
Dyspepsia is manifested by meteorism,The release of a large number of gases, diarrhea or frequent liquid frothy stool, constant belching, heartburn. The appetite worsens, there is a weakness, a decrease in working capacity. There are unpleasant sensations in the epigastric region, a feeling of bursting and heaviness after eating, sometimes pains of different intensity occur.
The diagnosis is based on a surveyPatient, clinical manifestations and data of coprological research. The establishment of the fact of the patient's inefficient nutrition in the absence of digestive disorders confirms the alimentary nature of dyspepsia.
Treatment of dyspepsia
Dyspepsia, caused by enzyme deficiency,Requires replacement therapy with drugs that contain the necessary enzymes in the right amount. The patient also must comply with a special diet aimed at unloading the affected area of the gastrointestinal tract.
Diet therapy is the key to successful treatmentAny kind of dyspepsia. With alimentary dyspepsia, one- or two-day fasting is recommended. After this, the diet is gradually expanded. With dyspepsia putrefactive, you need to increase the intake of carbohydrates. When fermented, they increase protein intake and reduce the amount of easily digestible carbohydrates. Fat dyspepsia is adjusted by restriction of fats in the diet. It is important to regulate the drinking regime, patients should drink at least one and a half liters of water per day. Food should be frequent and fractional (small portions). Overeating is eliminated, as is prolonged starvation. Take food is recommended in quiet conditions, without hurrying. The accumulation of gases in the stomach is often provoked by fast food intake, talking with food, smoking. The first liquid dishes (soups, broths) should be an obligatory daily component of the food ration. Patients with dyspepsia should not eat too hot or cold food. When symptoms of dyspepsia appear, you should limit or even exclude from the diet dishes with tomato paste, dough products, rice, sweet juices, chocolate and other sweets, raw vegetables and fruits, coffee, strong tea, carbonated drinks, whole milk.
During treatment, the administration of vitamins C, B1, B2, PP, anti-inflammatory and adsorptive preparations is recommended.