Dyspepsia - is a collective term for indigestion, which occur due to a lack of digestive enzymes or malnutrition.
According to medical statistics, almost one-third of the adult population suffer occasionally dyspeptic phenomena.
Types and causes of dyspepsia
Functional dyspepsia is not associated with impaireddigestion, but the state in healthy people have symptoms typical of a stomach or intestinal disease. It meets three varieties of this type of dyspepsia: dyskinetic, yazvennopodobnom and nonspecific. The most common in these patients, there is pain in the upper abdomen, vomiting, seizures, nausea, frequent belching, early satiety, a feeling of fullness. Pancreatic secretory indigestion caused by pancreatic insufficiency, the cause may be chronic pancreatitis, swelling and so on. D.
Alimentary Dyspepsia occurs as a resultprolonged, unhealthy nutrition. This neuralgia is divided into fat, and putrid fermentation. Fat indigestion is caused by excessive consumption of refractory fats (pork, mutton fat). Fermentation dyspepsia is associated with abundant intake of carbohydrates (sugar, honey, peas, beans, flour products) and fermentation drinks. Putrid dyspepsia develops when excessive use of protein products, especially pork and lamb meat, which is very slowly digested in the gut. Sometimes such dyspepsia arise from the use of spoiled meat food products. Due to unhealthy eating habits cleavage products irritate the mucous membrane receptors and cause acceleration of peristalsis, which, in turn, interferes with the normal development of intestinal microflora and causes goiter.
In young children indigestion occurs whenmismatch amount of food composition or capabilities of the gastrointestinal tract. In adolescence, indigestion sometimes develops due to an imbalance of hormones. In the critical period of development of the gastrointestinal tract is too susceptible to the slightest error in the diet. Compounding the situation is that it is young people are active consumers of fast food and fizzy drinks.
Symptoms and diagnosis of disease
Dyspepsia alimentary manifested flatulence,the release of large amounts of gas, diarrhea or frequent foamy liquid stool, constant belching, heartburn. Deteriorating appetite, there is a weakness, decreased performance. There are unpleasant sensations in the epigastric region, bloating and heaviness after meals, sometimes there are pains of varying intensity.
Diagnosis is based on a surveypatient, clinical manifestations and data coprological research. The establishment of the irrational power of the patient in the absence of violations of the digestive system confirms the nutritional nature of dyspepsia.
Dyspepsia due to enzyme deficiency,It needs replacement therapy drugs which contain the necessary enzymes in desired quantities. The patient must also comply with a special diet, aimed at the unloading area suffering from the gastrointestinal tract.
Diet therapy is the key to successful treatmentany kind of dyspepsia. When alimentary dyspepsia recommended one- or two-day starvation. After that the gradual expansion of the diet. When dyspepsia putrid nature of the need to increase the intake of carbohydrates. When the fermentation type of increased protein intake and reduce the amount of carbohydrate. Adipose dyspepsia adjusted limiting fat in the diet. It is important to adjust the drinking regimen, patients should drink at least half liters of water per day. Meals should be frequent and fractional (in small portions). Eliminates overeating, as well as prolonged fasting. Eating recommended in calm conditions, without haste. The accumulation of gases in the stomach is often triggered by rapid eating, talking while eating, smoking. The first liquids (soups, broths) should be a mandatory component of the daily diet. Dyspepsia patients can not eat too hot or cold food. When dyspepsia symptoms need to limit or even eliminate from the diet food with tomato paste, pastry products, rice, sweet juices, chocolate and other sweets, raw vegetables and fruit, coffee, strong tea, carbonated drinks, whole milk.
During treatment recommended intake of vitamin C, B1, B2, PP, anti-inflammatory and absorbent products.