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What does the Australian coat of arms

Coat of arms of Australia granted British monarchs

Australian coat of arms bears little resemblance to the traditional heraldic symbols of other states, because it depicts animals and plants.

However, it fits in stamp system, because every detail is of particular importance.

By the will of the King

Australia had its own coat of arms is relatively recent, in 1908, at the behest of King Edward VII. Four years later, his successor, George V approved changes to the coat of arms, and so it has remained to this day.

In the center of the Australian coat of arms - a shield thatIt is divided into six parts. It symbolizes the six states of the country, included in its composition in 1912: Tasmania, Victoria, Queensland, New South Wales, South Australia and Western. Each state is represented by the mini-image of his own coat of arms. Inside and outside the territory it reflected visually. Shield surrounds a silver border with fourteen crosses in black. It is still considered as a stylized ribbon ermine - a sign that Australia is part of the British Commonwealth of Nations.

New South Wales on the arms - a cross with goldstar Victoria - the constellation of the Southern Cross and crown, Queensland - Maltese Cross, South Australia - bird-shrike, Western Australia - Swan, Tasmania - lion.

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Above the shield is blue and gold torse. First it was only a headgear knight detail that softens the blow on his helmet. Then it came to mean that the person was in a crusade, and torse was included in the list of heraldic symbols. It is used as a status item.

Over torse displayed Commonwealth Star. She has seven rays. Six of them represent the Australian states included in the federation in 1901, and the seventh - all future territories. Initially, only the seventh ray of the Territory of Papua meant, and extended meaning he appeared in 1908.

No one else similar

Maintain the shield on the arms of the figures of kangaroos and emus. These animals are selected not only because they are found only on the continent of Australia and have long since become her characters. One of their features - they are almost not able to move back, ie to move back. So for Australian emus and kangaroos - a symbol of progress and the motto "Australia is always going forward!"

Initially, the animals depicted are not too similar to the original, but in 1912 adopted a more realistic figure.

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The figures of kangaroos and emus are located in the branchesgold acacia or mimosa. The plant is recognized as a national symbol of the state. It can be seen in most parts of Australia, and in September there even celebrate the National Day of acacia. By the way, the plant is depicted on the emblem without botanical accuracy, and generally not included in the official heraldic description of the emblem, as well as the words "Australia" on the tape, woven into the branches.

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