A person is mortal - this is an obvious truth for everyone, except the biggest optimists who want to live forever.
People have developed many funeral rituals, created the whole infrastructure responsible for the last path of man. And fire in this matter plays an important role
From the standpoint of environmental friendliness, ethical and simplePersonal preferences, cremation represents the optimal way to recycle human mortal remains. When the body is already dead, it can be buried underground, but it is the fire that is given away by that sacred, purifying effect that helps the soul to find its shelter in the abode of eternal sorrow.
Cremation from antiquity to the present day
Cremation comes from the Latin cremare -"Burn" or "burn." In ancient times, it was common even among primitive societies. According to one theory - it gave protection in the afterlife, and on the other - the fire was a sacred phenomenon.
European cremation traditions were applied inAncient Greece. At that time it was believed that burning helps the departed in the other world. After this, the Romans adopted this tradition. And the ashes left after the ceremony were stored in special places - columbariums.
In Russia in Christian times, cremation is notToo encouraged, because it was related to pagan traditions. More was used the classical way - a burial in the ground. In Western Europe, at one time cremation was banned. It was imposed in 785 by Charlemagne. The veto lasted about a thousand years. And only in the eighteenth century the tradition was revived, as the cemeteries could not cope with those who wanted to make a burial. The proximity of the burials to residential buildings caused epidemics and other troubles.
In 1869, on the international medicalThe conference was officially signed a resolution, which called for the widespread use of cremation. Cremation today is a whole industry, when there are not enough cemeteries, and there is not enough land. In addition, it is hygienic, does not require a lot of expenses and in general very quickly.
Cremation at the present time
Today, from a religious point of view, cremationWidely used in Hindus. There is a whole city of Varanasi, where it is customary to burn the dead on bonfires. Not always enough wood for this, so often you can see a picture of how the unburned corpses sail along the Ganges.
From a practical point of view this is justifiedProcedure in all developed countries of the world. Thus, natural gas is used for cremation furnaces. In rare cases, electricity. Interestingly, until the middle of the twentieth century, coal and coke were used.
In order to completely burn the body about an hour and a half. At the same time, the teeth do not burn down, like the various titanium dentures, inserts and other surgical implants.