Among the various XX century military and political conflicts highlighted the Cold War. It lasted more than 40 years and covered almost every corner of the globe.
And we need to find out for understanding the history of the second half of the XX century, what constitutes this confrontation.
Determination of the Cold War
The very term "Cold War" appeared inthe second half of the forties, when it became clear that the contradictions between the recent allies in the war against fascism became insurmountable. This definition describes the specific situation of confrontation of the socialist bloc and the Western democracies led by the United States.
The Cold War was named becausescale war between the armies of the Soviet Union and the United States had not been maintained. This confrontation was followed by indirect military conflicts outside the territory of the USSR and the USA, and the USSR tried to hide part of his troops in such military operations.
The question of authorship of the term "Cold War" is still controversial among historians.
Important during the Cold War hadpropaganda, in which all information channels have been used. Another method of combating opponents was economic competition - the USSR and the United States have expanded the range of its allies by providing significant financial assistance to other countries.
The course of the Cold War
The period, which is called the Cold War,It began shortly after the Second World War. After defeating the common enemy, the Soviet Union and the United States lost the need for co-operation that has revived an old controversy. The United States was afraid the trend of establishing communist regimes in Europe and in Asia.
As a result, as early as the end of the forties, EuropeIt was divided into two parts - the western part of the continent has adopted the so-called Marshall Plan - economic assistance from the United States, and eastern thing of the zone of influence of the Soviet Union. Germany as a result of conflict between former allies in the end was divided into pro-American socialist GDR and the FRG.
The struggle for influence was in Africa - in particular, the USSR was able to establish contacts with the Arab countries of the Southern Mediterranean, such as Egypt.
In Asia, the conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States for the worlddomination entered into a military phase. The Korean War ended section of the state in the northern and southern parts. Later, the war in Vietnam, which resulted in the defeat of the US and the establishment of the country's socialist government. Also under the influence of the Soviet Union was China, but not for long - even in China remained in power for the Communist Party, the State was to pursue an independent policy, and entered into a confrontation with the Soviet Union and the United States.
In the early sixties the world as never wasclose to a new world war - the Cuban missile crisis began. In the end, Kennedy and Khrushchev was able to negotiate a non-aggression as a conflict of this magnitude with the use of nuclear weapons could lead to the complete destruction of mankind.
In the early eighties, it began a period of "relaxation" - the normalization of Soviet-American relations. However, the Cold War ended only with the collapse of the Soviet Union.