A democratic society guarantees its citizens the observance of their political, economic and personal rights, which in jurisprudence are called civil liberties.
Usually the rights and freedoms of citizens are fixed in the main law of the country - the constitution, but not always and not everywhere are fully observed.
The essence of civil liberties
The totality of civil liberties forms inSociety certain status of the individual, protected by law. This legal category is most often referred to as the right to personal integrity and freedom, protection of good name and honor, freedom of conscience and speech. Here you can also include the right to unconditional inviolability of the home and the secrecy of correspondence. In a broader sense, civil liberties include the right to work, various types of social security, the right to a fair trial and to judicial protection.
Freedoms of citizens, which are declared inThe constitution of the country, must guarantee to each person protection from illegal interference of authorities and law enforcement bodies in private life. The introduction of civil liberties is aimed at limiting the actions of the state, which often run counter to the rights of citizens. The guardian of civil liberties is the judicial authority and the head of state, which is the guarantor of the implementation of the provisions of the country's basic law.
Civil liberties in the Russian Federation
The Russian state recognizes that civilFreedom correspond to the norms of international law accepted in the world. Freedom of the citizen is directly effected. They completely determine the content and meaning of the laws of the country and are provided by justice.
All citizens of the country are equally equal before the court andLaw. The state takes care of the protection of the individual, her life, honor and dignity. Personal inviolability and the right to liberty are protected by law. The same applies to the inviolability of private life and the preservation of personal secrets. Collect and use information about the private life of citizens can only with their consent.
The state guarantees to its subjectsInviolability of their home. To penetrate into the dwelling against the will and desire of the people residing there is possible only in cases directly stipulated by the legislation, or in the presence of a decision of the judiciary.
One of the civil liberties is the possibilityIt is up to the individual to determine which nationality he belongs to. No one has the right to compel a citizen to determine his nationality or indicate it.
The Constitution gives people the right to createProfessional and other associations to protect their interests. Citizens have the right to participate in peaceful demonstrations, rallies, hold meetings, pickets and processions.
Civil liberties extend toIssues related to religion. It's about freedom of conscience and religion. Citizens can profess any religion or adhere to atheistic views. The law does not prohibit a person to freely choose and disseminate their religious or other beliefs, unless this violates the rights and freedoms of other citizens.