Ukrainian musical culture is similar to Russian, but it has several original features.
Among the national Ukrainian instruments stands trehbita, bandura and torban.
Bandura is the most famous Ukrainian instrument
Pandora is a plucked stringed instrument,Like a harp. It is a wooden deck with 25-60 strings. The case of the bandura is asymmetrical - the neck is located slightly laterally. Some of the strings stretch over the neck, and the part joins directly to the deck. Playing the bandura occurs by striking the strings with your fingers. This tool was brought from Poland, but in Ukraine has acquired several changes. Tales, thoughts and ballads of wandering bards were performed under the bandura. This use of a musical instrument as an accompaniment to folk art dominated until the 20th century. Only after the 1940's began to appear professional works written specifically for the bandura.
The first bandura had only 12-20 strings, but over time they became more complicated and increased in size. Because of this "bandura" began to call all bulky items.
Torban - Ukrainian lute
Torban looks like a bandura, but his bodyIs symmetric. It has an oval deck and a longer neck than the bandura. The number of strings of a torban varies from 30 to 60. Bass strings are stretched to an additional head - a torus - which is located on the main one. This tool spread in the 17-18 century and was very popular at Ukrainian feasts. It was very difficult to play on the torban - the musician pressed the strings to the body at the same time, while the others tapped his fingers. It was also expensive to make a tool. Therefore, the popularity of torban slowly decreased, and in the 20th century it was finally excluded from the list of concert instruments.
Vasily Shevchenko was one of the last musicians playing the torban. His instrument is kept in the Museum of Musical Culture named after M.I. Glinka.
Trembita - a colorful wind instrument
Trembita was common in the southwestUkraine, in the Carpathians. This original instrument looks like a long wooden pipe wrapped in birch bark. By the end of the tube slightly widens. The length of the trembit can reach 4 meters. The height of the sound of the instrument depends on the size of the pusher inserted into the narrow end, and also on the skill of the musician himself. It is noteworthy that usually the trembit was made only from those trees into which the lightning struck. Its creation required special skill, because the walls of the instrument should be no more than 7 mm. The sound of the trembit is heard for several kilometers, so it was widely used by Carpathian shepherds to inform about various events. Also on the trembit were played during funerals and weddings. Now the instrument is used in folk groups, and sometimes it is played in the orchestra.