Society - a diverse, complex and singleorganism whose development takes place according to certain laws. All the peoples of the world in a progressive movement to progress pass through the same stages.
Due to this there is a total for the entire history of civilization.
The division of society into types accepted to carry on several grounds.
The Marxist approach to the typology of the society
In his typology of the founders of the societyMarxism proceeded from them developed the materialist conception of history. The basis of division was originally laid the mode of production of material goods, characteristic of a given society. This characteristic leads to the unity and integrity of the history of civilization. When deciding what type of a particular society, Marxists take into account the nature and level of development of productive forces and the superstructure.
Karl Marx introduced into scientific use the conceptsocio-economic formation, which constitute the backbone of the relationship between people in the production process. It is believed that in the development society passes successively through five of these formations: the primitive, slave, feudal system, capitalism and communism. Each of these types of society in its progressive stage performs a function, but is becoming outdated and hinders the development of natural formation is replaced by another.
From traditional society - to a postindustrial
In modern sociology has been widelydistribution of a different approach, according to which are allocated a traditional, industrial, and the so-called post-industrial society types. This classification shifts the emphasis from the consideration of the prevailing mode of production and social relations with the characteristic for a particular way of life of society and the level of technological development.
For a traditional agrarian society characterizedway. Social structures are no different mobility. Relations between members of the society are built on long-established and deep-rooted traditions. The most important public structures - the family and the community. They guard the traditions, thwarting any attempts to radical social transformation.
Industrial society - much moremodern type. For economic activity in a society characterized by deep division of labor. The status of members of the society is determined, as a rule, the social functions of the person, his profession, qualifications, education and experience. In such a society stand out special controls, monitoring and enforcement, form the basis of statehood.
In the middle of the last century, Western sociologistsWe put forward the concept of so-called post-industrial society. The need for such an approach has been caused by the rapid development of information systems, the increasing role of information and communication in society. That is why the post-industrial society is also often referred to as information. Human activities in the post-industrial world is less connected with material production. The basis of life constitute the handling process, store and transmit information. Modern society, sociologists say, is at the stage of active transition to this type.