Society is diverse, complex and unifiedAn organism, the development of which occurs according to certain laws. All the peoples of the planet in their progress towards progress go through the same stages.
Thanks to this there is a common history for all of civilization.
The division of societies into types is accepted for several reasons.
Marxist approach to the typology of society
In their typology of society the foundersMarxism proceeded from the materialistic conception of history that they had developed. At the heart of the division was initially laid the way of producing material goods, characteristic of a given society. This characteristic determines the unity of history and the integrity of civilization. In determining which type a society belongs to, the Marxists take into account the nature and level of development of the productive forces, as well as the superstructure.
Karl Marx introduced the scientific concept ofSocio-economic formation, the backbone of which is the relationship between people in the production process. It is believed that in its development society consistently passes through five such formations: primitive communal, slave-owning, feudal system, capitalism and communism. Each of these types of society at its own stage performs a progressive function, but gradually becomes obsolete, inhibits development and is naturally replaced by another formation.
From traditional society to post-industrial
In modern sociology has received a wideDistribution is another approach, according to which the traditional, industrial and so-called post-industrial types of society are distinguished. This classification shifts the emphasis from consideration of the mode of production and the prevailing social relations to a society-specific way of life and the level of technology development.
Traditional society is characterized by agrarianWay. Social structures are not distinguished by mobility. Relations between members of society are built on long established and entrenched traditions. The most important social structures are the family and the community. They stand on guard of traditions, stopping any attempts of radical social transformations.
Industrial society is much moreModern type. For economic activity in such a society is characterized by a profound division of labor. The status of members of a society is determined, as a rule, by the social functions of the individual, his profession, qualifications, level of education and work experience. In such a society, special organs of government, control and coercion, which form the basis of statehood, are allotted.
In the middle of the last century, Western sociologistsPut forward the concept of a so-called post-industrial society. The need for such an approach was caused by the rapid development of information systems, the increasing role of information and communication in the life of society. This is why a post-industrial society is also often called information society. The activity of man in the postindustrial world is less and less connected with material production. The basis of life is the process of processing, storing and transmitting information. Modern society, sociologists say, is at the stage of active transition to this type.