Cirrhosis of the liver - a heavy, almost irreversible disease characterized by significant impairment of function of the affected organ.
In cirrhosis of the liver tissue is replaced by fibrous connective tissue, liver failure develops gradually.
Early signs of the disease are often longunnoticed, in some cases up to late stages observed asymptomatic cirrhosis, which does not allow time to begin treatment, to compensate for the function of the affected cells and maintain healthy cells.
Signs of cirrhosis;
In the early stages of the disease patients oftendisturb digestive disorders (nausea, feeling of heaviness after eating, bloating, discomfort in the stomach area and right hypochondrium). Pain in the right upper quadrant may increase after eating or exercise. Patients complain of fatigue, general weakness, loss of appetite, concentration and sleep disorders (insomnia and daytime sleepiness at night). Often these symptoms are mistaken for the effects of infectious diseases or diet disorders, charged to stress and chronic fatigue, so patients do not seek help or do not receive adequate treatment.
As the progression of the disease is increasingsigns of liver damage. Appears a bitter taste in the mouth, feeling of heaviness and pain in the right upper quadrant is almost constant. In the later stages of digestive disorders, patients suffering from belching, flatulence, nausea, alternating diarrhea and constipation. Frequently cirrhosis patients noticeably lose weight. There are dry skin, increased hair loss, women's menstrual cycle is disrupted, in men, erectile dysfunction occurs. A constant companion of the patient are fatigue, sleep disorders and attention.
If at this stage not started treatment,develop such symptoms as yellowing of the skin and sclera, skin itching, unexplained fever. Changing the appearance of the skin: in addition to yellowing and age spots, and shows the vascular "star", small hemorrhages, palms or fingertips, and sometimes completely hands become red. The liver is increased, and this is felt by the sick, palpation can be seen its tuberosity. Reduced immunity, there are pains in the muscles, in some cases, developing hemorrhoids.
Complications of cirrhosis
Complications occur in the later stagesdisease. Patients observed ascites - fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity, due to which the stomach is greatly increased in size, the skin of the abdomen may tread bluish vascular pattern. The liquid is accumulated in the tissues and, because of which the swollen limb. Possible hepatic encephalopathy - a violation of brain function due to damage to the nervous system of toxins expressed in intellectual disabilities, behavioral changes, irritability, memory impairment.
In the later stages of cirrhosis frequentgastrointestinal bleeding. Also can appear symptoms such as dark urine and feces clarification, "varnishing" and bright crimson lips and tongue. Men can gynecomastia - breast enlargement. Patients lose weight, liver decreases in size, which indicates almost complete regeneration of its tissues.