The basic principle of federalism is a clear division of powers between the center and regions, has a certain political and legal independence.
The concept of federalism
The term federalism itself is derived from Latinwords feodus, indicating the bonded contract or union. In modern society, under federalism understand the form of government in which the regions are public entities, and their legally enshrined certain political rights, by which regions can protect their interests in front of the center. The founder of federalism as a political theory is considered a little-known German philosopher Johannes Altuziusa, who first introduced the concept of the federal national sovereignty.
Federated States necessarily have twothe level of public authorities, one of which occupies a dominant position and called the center, subordinate level is represented in the federation.
The principles of the federation are usually contrasted soIt called Unitarianism - clearly centralized state, which built the vertical of power, and the possibility of the regions considerably limited. However, even though a federal state and a member of various public entities (entities), it is a single integral state. There are two basic models of federalism - dualistic and cooperative. Cooperative focuses on complementary subjects and the center - example of Germany. A dualistic model implies an idea of equilibrium between the center and the subjects and a clear division of powers.
Do Russian Federation?
According to the Constitution of our country it isfederation, which is reflected in its name - the Russian Federation. The country is generally referred to as "asymmetric federation", where some actors have more power than others. For example, Russian regions, regions and have fewer powers than the national republics. However, there is an opinion that Russia is a "psevdofederatsiey" - that political system, which at the legal federal system actually operates a unitary state, not developed until the present federalism.
In the Soviet Union it was considered a unitary republic of the RSFSR-state with autonomies. In fact, nothing is now in its structure has changed.
This is evidenced by the notorious "vertical of power"built by the president, in which the center gives strict instructions to subjects, as well as division of the country into districts, consisting of several entities, authorized representatives who report directly to the president.