When Columbus brought tobacco to Europe, he did not think how much the world would change it.
As the American Indians did not know, they used this grass only for carrying out sacred rituals.
Europeans disposed of tobacco differently.
In Russia, tobacco had a complicated history. He was banned, legalized, again vetoed on trade, distribution and use. It is already impossible to track all the vicissitudes of this history, but there are some facts that have survived to this day.
Tobacco in Russia
In Russia, tobacco first appeared in the sixteenthCentury. Even under Ivan the Terrible, he began to enter Moscow together with mercenaries, interventionists and Cossacks. Especially in times of Troubles. In many ways, this assistance was provided by English merchants. At that time, there were no specific laws on the sale and consumption of tobacco. Only 50 years after the Troubles under the influence of the Church, tobacco was banned.
Perhaps, if the death penalty for smoking were preserved, there would not be any problems with tobacco in Russia now.
Especially cruel to smokers was Tsar MichaelFyodorovich. And the reason he had, because in 1634 in Moscow there was a big fire through the fault of smokers. For these and other reasons, smoking was considered a serious crime, which was punishable by death. However, this was not always the case.
At one time under Tsar Aleksei Mikhailovich,Fostered by the great economic benefits of tobacco trade, tobacco has received a green light. The king decided to legalize the "demonic potion", but only for three years. Against this initiative, Patriarch Nikon himself, who achieved the ban, came out.
At the same time, the death penalty was replaced by a physicalpunishment. Smokers were whipped in public with a whip and were mocked at the goat by a mockery. If such a sin was repeated, the culprit referred to the distant city, but not just so. First, his nostrils were pulled out or his nose was cut, which is similar to the punishment of a runaway convict.
The seriousness of the antitobacco company was fixedAnd in the Cathedral Ordinance of 1649, where a dozen points were devoted to the "hell potion". Consumption of tobacco was considered a mortal sin, because in the image of the people, only Satan himself could exhale smoke from his mouth, that is, it was an act of incense to the Unclean.
Of course, it was not without the people'sFolklore devoted to tobacco. According to one version of his smoking at the funeral of the mother of the devil. From the sharp smoke all began to cry, the devil liked it. Since then, the potion has been attributed to the impure force.
Superstitious dark people did not soon get used to tobacco, considering all this as intrigues of evil spirits.
According to another version, the devil even planted tobacco for the first timeIn his garden. The plant was visited by the doctor Tremikur and distributed it to the Hellenic kingdom. For that, God cursed the tobacco and closed the gates of the Kingdom of Heaven for all smokers. But even such a punishment could not keep the Russians from being addicted to tobacco smoking in its present scale.