When Columbus brought tobacco to Europe, he did not think much will change this world.
As they did not know that the American Indians, who used this herb only for sacred rituals.
Europeans are ordered tobacco otherwise.
The Russian tobacco had a checkered history. Its prohibited, legalized again vetoed trade, distribution and use. Track all the vicissitudes of this story is now no longer possible, but there are some details that have survived to the present day.
Tobacco in Russia
In Russia, tobacco was first introduced in the sixteenthcentury. Even under Ivan the Terrible, he began to fall in Moscow, together with the mercenaries, interventionists and Cossacks. Especially during the Troubles. Much of this assistance rendered and English merchants. In those days there were no specific laws on the sale and consumption of tobacco. Only 50 years after the Troubles under the influence of the Church was under the tobacco ban.
Perhaps if retained the death penalty for smoking in Russia today there would be no problems with tobacco.
Particularly cruel to smokers was King MichaelFedorovich. And the reasons he had, because in 1634 a great fire occurred due to the fault of smokers in Moscow. For these and other reasons, smoking was considered a serious crime that is punishable by death. However, it was not always.
At one time, under Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich,attracted by the big economic benefits from the tobacco trade, tobacco, got the green light. The king decided to legalize the "devilish potion", but only for three years. Against such an initiative made by Patriarch Nikon himself, has achieved a ban.
However, the death penalty was commuted to corporalpunishment. Smokers publicly flogged whip and derision of the crowd carried on a goat. If such a sin is repeated, the perpetrator referred to a distant city, but not just. First he tore the nostrils or nose cut that is similar to the punishment of an escaped convict.
The seriousness of the anti-tobacco company was fixedand the Code of the Cathedral in 1649, where the "infernal potion" devoted a dozen points. Tobacco use was considered a mortal sin, since only the image of the popular Satan himself could breathe the smoke out of his mouth, that is, it was an act of impure incense.
Of course, not without a nationalfolklore, dedicated to tobacco. According to one version it began to smoke at the funeral of the mother trait. From acute smoke all began to cry, a line like this. Since then, the potion was ascribed to evil spirits.
Superstitious ignorant people will not soon become accustomed to tobacco, considering all the machinations of evil forces.
According to another version, even the devil planted tobacco for the first timein his garden. At the plant he came across the doctor Tremikur and distributed it to the Hellenistic kingdom. What God has cursed and tobacco and closed all the gates of the kingdom of heaven smokers. But even such punishment has not been able to keep the Russians from the addiction to smoking in its current scope.