The novel is a genre of literature, as a rule, a prose work that tells the story of the individual who is the main hero of the novel.
The works of this genre most often describe the crisis, non-standard periods of the fate of the main character, his attitude to the world, the formation and development of self-consciousness and personality.
An accurate and absolutely complete classification of suchGenre as a novel is almost impossible to give, since basically such works are always in conflict with accepted literary conventions. In this literary genre, elements of modern drama, journalism, mass culture and cinema are always closely intertwined at all stages of its development. The only invariable element of the novel remains the method of narration in the form of a reportage. Thanks to this, the main types of the novel can still be identified and described.
Initially, in the 12th-13th centuries, the word roman denoted any written text in the Old French language and only in the second half of the 17th century. Partially acquired its modern meaningful content.
The basis of such works is the descriptionVarious behaviors adopted in a particular society, and actions of heroes that contradict or correspond to these values. The social novel has 2 varieties: cultural-historical and moral.
A novel is a chamber socialA narrative focused on standards and moral nuances of behavior in society. A vivid example of a work of this kind is the novel by Jane Austen "Pride and Prejudice."
The cultural-historical novel, as a rule,Describes the history of a family against the backdrop of the cultural and moral standards of its time. Unlike the narrative, this kind of novel touches upon history, subjects individuals deeply and offers its own social psychology. A classic example of a cultural-historical novel is Tolstoy's War and Peace. It is noteworthy that such a form of the novel is very often imitated by so-called blockbusters. For example, the popular work of M. Mitchell "Gone with the Wind", at first glance, has all the signs of a cultural and historical novel. But the abundance of melodramatic episodes, stereotyped characters and superficial social psychology suggests that this novel is just an imitation of a serious work.
In this kind of novels, the reader's attentionIs focused on the inner world of man. The work in the genre of the psychological novel is saturated with internal monologues, the flow of consciousness of the main character, analytical comments and symbolism. Dickens "Great Expectations", Dostoevsky's Notes from the Underground are vivid representatives of the psychological form of the novel.
A novel of ideas
A novel of ideas or a "philosophical" novel usesTheir heroes as carriers of various intellectual theories. In works of this type, a lot of space is always given to different kinds of ideas and opinions on everything in the world, from the moral values of society to the cosmos. An example of such a novel can be the work of the famous philosopher Plato "Dialogues", in which participants and heroes are the mouthpiece of Plato himself.
The novel of searches, the novel with intrigue, the knightly novel,Spy thriller also apply to this type of novels. As a rule, such works are full of action, intricacies of the plot, brave and strong heroes, love and passion. The main purpose of adventure novels is the entertainment of the reader, comparable, for example, to cinema.
The longest novel "People of Good Will" by Louis HenriJean Farigul, aka Jules Romain (France) was published in 27 volumes in 1932-1946. In the novel, 4959 pages and approximately 20,000,000 words (not counting the 100-page index).
The novel is experimental
The main feature of experimental novelsIs that they are quite difficult to read. In contrast to the classic types of the novel, in these works the logic of causes and effects breaks. In the experimental novel, for example, there can be no plot as such, to know who the main character is, also not necessarily, all attention is paid to the style, structure and form of reproduction.