The novel - a genre of literature, as a rule, prose work, tells the story of an individual who is the protagonist of the novel.
The works of this genre often describe the crisis, non-standard periods fate of the protagonist, his attitude to the world, the formation and development of self-consciousness and the nature of the individual.
The exact and absolutely complete classification of suchgenre as the novel is almost impossible to give, because most of these works are always in conflict with the accepted literary conventions. In this literary genre at all stages of its development is always closely intertwined elements of modern drama, journalism, mass culture and cinema. The only constant element is the novel method of narration in the form of reportage. Because of this the main types of the novel can still be identified and described.
Initially, in the 12-13 centuries., The word roman refers to any written text in the Old French language and only in the second half of the 17th century. partially acquired its modern semantic content.
The basis of these works is the descriptionvarious behaviors adopted in any particular society, and actions of the characters that are contrary to or corresponding to those values. Social novel has two varieties: a cultural-historical and nravopisatelny.
Nravopisatelny novel - a social chambernarrative, focusing on standards and the moral nuances of behavior in society. A striking example of this kind of product is a Jane Austen novel "Pride and Prejudice".
Cultural-historical novel, as a rule,It tells the story of a family on a background of cultural and moral standards of his time. Unlike nravopisatelnogo, this kind of novel touches story exposes deeper study of individual personality and offers its own social psychology. A classic example of the cultural-historical novel is "War and Peace" Tolstoy. It is noteworthy that this form of the novel is often imitated by so-called blockbusters. For example a popular product of M. Mitchell, "Gone with the Wind", at first glance, it has all the signs of the cultural and historical novel. But the abundance of melodramatic episodes, stereotypical characters and superficial social psychology suggests that this novel is only an imitation of serious work.
The psychological novel
In this form of novels all the reader's attentionIt focused on the inner world of man. The work in the genre of the psychological novel is full of inner monologue, stream of consciousness of the protagonist, analytical commentary and symbolism. "Great Expectations" Dickens, "Notes from Underground" by Dostoevsky - outstanding representatives of the psychological novel form.
Novel ideas or "philosophical" novel useshis heroes as bearers of various intellectual theories. In the works of this kind are always a lot of space is devoted to all sorts of ideas and opinions on everything in the world, from the moral values of society to space. An example of such a novel can serve as a work of the famous philosopher Plato's "Dialogues", in which the participants and the heroes are the mouthpiece of Plato.
Roman searches affair with intrigue, romance,spy thriller also apply to this type of novels. As a rule, such works are full of action, the intricacies of the plot, brave and powerful heroes, love and passion. The main goal of adventure novels is the entertainment of the reader, comparable, for example, a movie.
The longest novel "People of good will," Louis HenriJean Farigulya aka Jules Romain (France) has been published in 27 volumes in 1932-1946 gg. In the novel, pages 4959 and approximately 2.07 million words (not counting the 100-page index).
The main feature of the experimental novelsIt is that they are difficult to read. In contrast to the classical forms of the novel, in these works, it breaks the logic of cause and effect. The experimental novel may be, for example, missing the story itself, to know who is the protagonist, and optionally, all attention is paid to style, structure and forms of reproduction.