Start of the Soviet regime was marked by the active work of the new government.
Under vigorous activity implies acceptance of a considerable number of different decrees.
New regulations have radically changed the life of the people.
Decree "On the World"
The Resolution, which was adopted aftera couple of hours after the arrest of the Provisional Government, to solve the basic problem of the country at that time. This was the main problem of endless war, exhausting all the people more every day. That is why the decree "On the world" became the first decree taken by the Soviet government.
The new regulation proposed to make peacebetween the warring powers without any territorial claims and liabilities. LD Trotsky removed the secret agreements between Russia and allied countries, and posted them to show good intentions of the Soviet power and unfair military action.
As a result, the decree has not been adopted by other countries. At the talks came only Germany. However, the Brest-Litovsk, which managed to make Lenin and Trotsky embodying annexations and indemnities.
Decree "On Land"
Decree "On Land" proclaimed all the landUSSR nationwide. Private property was withdrawn and passed into the control of the peasant committees. And these committees shared the land into equal portions and distributed to the peasants. The decree also prohibited lease land and use hired labor.
Decree "On Land" laid the foundation for the development of the land policy of the Soviet Union. The emergence of private property will take place only in 1993 after the adoption of the Constitution.
This resolution will serve not only for the benefit ofpoor peasants, who, in their opinion, at that time have justice, but also allowed the new government to continue his political activities, almost as pleased as the general population were employed "redistribution" of land.
Other decrees 1917
In addition to two of the first decrees were adopted and others not less important.
Decree "On the press" laid the foundation for futureSoviet censorship, which in turn killed many talented poets, writers and musicians. However, there were decrees, which improves the lives of people. For example, the decree "On the eight-hour day," and the decree "On education".
Also it adopted a decree "On creation of the All-RussiaExtraordinary Commission. " Initially, the Cheka had no special powers, and led only investigative operations. However, gradually expanded the duties of the Cheka, and the 1918 "security officers" had the right to shoot all the enemies of the revolution on the ground. It is with this committee so much blood due during and after the Civil War.
As part of the Russian spelling reform was adoptedDecree "On the introduction of the new spelling." From 1 January 1918 all publications, government and public were required to be published under the new rules of the Russian language.
The decree, which was called "On the cancellation of government loans", canceled all debts, taken from the Russian landlords and bourgeoisie.
Decree "On the introduction of Western European calendar"It was adopted in view of the fact that relations with Europe arise inconveniences because of the different calculation days. This decree meant the transition from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian. The church, which belonged to the rejection of the second, even after the decision has refused to accept the new calendar.