Historical castles, previously serving as a reliable protection against enemies, are now a valuable cultural asset.
In Russia, there are about a hundred such buildings, and they all breathe domestic history.
Vyborg Castle is the only castle in RussiaEuropean type. It would have been built by the Swedes as far back as the 13th century and has been reconstructed several times. And at the beginning of the 18th century Peter the Great with his army managed to win this building from the King of Sweden, and since that time the Vyborg Castle has been located on the territory of Russia.
You can get into the museum practically for free - forA conditional amount of 5 rubles, and even through the main bridge. There are often held various events and even discos. An interesting place in the castle is a tower that reaches the height of a seven-story building. It offers a fascinating view of Vyborg and the bay. Some tourists even say that from here you can see Finland. The castle is especially magical at night, when the backlight turns on.
The castle is located in the very center of St. Petersburg. This structure was built on the orders of Paul I in just 4 years under the guidance of architect V. Brenna. It is established that the emperor himself took part in the design of the future fortress. Over the erection of the castle worked about 6 thousand people. But, unfortunately, for the emperor, the chambers of this castle became the place of death: after 40 days he was killed here by conspirators. Later, the Main Engineering School was opened in the castle, and from 1820 the castle was renamed Engineering.
Every day in the Mikhailovsky CastleExcursions, where you can not only see the fortress from the inside, listen to the story, but also visit temporary and permanent exhibitions. Near the castle and in the courtyard were built monuments: the first in 1800 Peter the Great, and the second already in 2003 himself Paul. Also in the castle there is a three-dimensional model of the structure, which reflects how it was originally intended to build this fortress.
This castle was once the estate of famousBoyars Sheremetyevs. The design of this structure was based on the idea of combining four styles: Baroque, Oriental, Old Russian and Gothic. At that time, this idea seemed very unusual, and the master, namely Vasily Petrovich Sheremetyev, was a romantic: he studied architecture and traveled a lot, building his house with foreign curiosities.
The castle was rightly called luxurious: The brick from which it was built contained tuff from the volcano Vesuvius, and the floors were lined with mosaic. The castle has about a hundred halls, a white stone staircase near the entrance, leading to the winter garden, marble columns, antique furniture from France.
Unfortunately, during the Soviet period, most of theLuxury was looted, and only in 1993 the Government of Mari El organized a restoration. The appearance of the castle was almost fully restored, which can not be said about the inner halls, where restoration work is still under way. For tourists, a museum was organized here, in which some things have been preserved since that time, and a small hotel.