The marshy area is of particular value, because it is the habitat of various species of animals and the growth of plants, shrubs and berries, many of which are listed in the red book.
"The swamp is a deep hollow of the great eye of the earth ..." A. Blok
A swamp is a piece of land withHigh humidity and acidity, in such places is very damp, strong evaporation and at the same time there is a shortage of oxygen. In addition, the swamp is a small world, with its vegetation and inhabitants. There are several types of bogs - upland, lowland, transitional.
Depending on the habitat, many animalsSpend some time in such places, after which they are removed, but there are also permanent residents - representatives of the family of amphibians, such as: frogs, toads, newts. In addition, otters and muskrats, they all live in swamps constantly.
At the edges of wetlands inhabited hygrophilousMammals, such as: a water rat, a voles. In such an environment, they feel fine. These animals are absolutely not whimsical: the shelter is found in mossy hummocks, they feed on cranberries, blueberries, seeds of various herbs.
Birds in the marshes
The marsh fauna is diverse and suitable for eatingMany local inhabitants. Fruits and succulent stems of plants serve as food for the feathered family, such as, for example, marsh owls, white partridges, ducks, waders. Birds for a long time have chosen a place and with pleasure are tidied with berries.
The gray crane likes to settle in the upper reaches. In such a locality it is protected from civilization, and not every beast can get through the swamp.
Undoubtedly, queen of marshes is a heron. This bird has chosen such places for the fact that it is easy to hide from predators in shrubbery, and there is always something to eat.
Vasyugan marshes located in the westSiberia, are the largest in the world. They have a very diverse fauna. In the grassy marshes, taiga mammals are mostly present. Here lives the reindeer, golden eagle, squirrel, sable, moose, you can meet wolverine, otter and mink. They live and live for years in swamps and moose. Summer pastures, where grass is abundant, are a favorite place for animals. Closer to winter, there is another resident, it's a hare-rabbit, especially it attracts willow shoots and sedge to the marshes. The hare eats with great pleasure.
In the marshes live animals that are comfortable andCozy among the water, bumps, moss and grass. The swamp is their home, a safe haven, the territory where they feed and reproduce. Life boils here, and even the forests can envy the diversity of its inhabitants.