The warm climate of the Mexican tropics and subtropics, the mountains and the ocean coast - perfect conditions for the growth of a plurality of unusual plants and a wide variety of living animals.
Here there are also oaks and olive - trees of different climatic zones that are typical for warm countries iguanas, as well as the characteristic of bears and wolves temperate climate zones.
Pretty extensive Mexican territory differsrich flora and fauna, diversity of which varies depending on climatic zones. In one part of the country can meet cool bear lovers, and the other - a hummingbird surrounded by orchids.
Climatic zones are separated by parallel MexicoTropic of Cancer, entering the north subtropical and tropical zone in the south. However, the differences are more pronounced in the weather conditions of coastal and mountain areas. So, in the mountains it is always cool, even in summer the air is rarely warmer than + 15 ° C mark. From November to April, the entire territory is established dry and wet season begins in June and lasts until September. In the period from mid-summer to November hurricanes are frequent, particularly on the Caribbean coast.
The main cactus in Mexico - nopal. He is depicted on the emblem of the country. Even 700 years ago, the Aztecs valued this plant. Now Mexicans use it in many dishes.
In the north-eastern part of the country to the semi-desertareas flora is represented by cacti, agave, mesquite. At the foot of the slopes of the mountain ranges of Sierra Mandra in the west and the east, the common willow, poplar and oak. In California, a peninsula in the mountains grows a lot of pine trees. In the vicinity of Tampico shrubs are replaced by semi-desert plants, typical of the savannah.
In the south, where traditionally falls morerainfall, frequent wetlands. It is dominated by palms, olives, and red cotton tree. In areas adjacent to the coast of the Gulf of Mexico among the main species of flora - ferns, orchids, mangrove trees.
In the southern part of the country, especially in the Yucatan Peninsula, is widely spread rainforests. In the mountains of the south grow oaks, firs, and the highlands meet and alpine meadows.
In southern Mexico found a green iguana. Unlike its relatives, this species of lizards has a horn on the tip of the nose and between the eyes.
Among the semi-desert cacti and shrubsthe central part of the country inhabited by a variety of rodents, rabbits, wild cats ocelots. In the north, in wooded areas common coyotes, jaguars, black bears, wolves, cougars and deer and wild boars. In desert areas found refuge lizards of different species. But among them can not be found an iguana, which prefers rain forests of the south. Wetlands of this region are also suitable for the alligators and crocodiles. In tropical forests, and both coasts of the south inhabited by monkeys, tapirs, anteaters, macaws, hummingbirds, toucans.
Thus, the heterogeneity of topography and climatic conditions have caused a striking one country diverse natural beauty of Mexico.