In order to ensure that the products retain their useful properties for longer and do not lose their taste, the conditions for their storage must be observed. But it is not enough to adhere to the rules that are indicated on the labels.
To store food in the refrigerator there are special laws.
Therefore, it is worthwhile to figure out what and how to store in the refrigerator.
The basic principles of storage of food in the refrigerator.
To begin with, we need to recall several programs fromSchool physics. The air temperature in the refrigerator is not evenly distributed. The coldest air is at the bottom of the refrigerating chamber, and the warm air is at the top. It follows that the most perishable products should be on the lower shelves, and all the rest - higher.
Milk and dairy products.
If the purchased milk is packaged inPlastic bags, it is best to pour it into a clean glass jar or into its plastic analog, specially created for storing food products. If the milk is poured into a plastic container or a TetraPack package, it can be stored without transfusion. Milk stored depending on the fat content and packaging from 5 to 45 days. The longest stored milk is reduced fat, packed in TetraPack. The same rules apply to dairy products, except that it remains fresh for much less time. As for curds and cheeses, they should be shifted from packing material to ceramic or glassware. All dairy products, without exception, must avoid the impact of sharp odors, otherwise they will deteriorate much earlier than expected. It is necessary to keep in mind the fact that the shelves located on the inside of the refrigerator door are subject to the largest temperature differences, since they open and close many times every day. All such dairy products are very sensitive to such temperature changes.
Fruits, vegetables and greens.
Before getting into the refrigerator, they must beWashed in cold running water and dried. These products can be wrapped in a polyethylene food film and transferred to the bottom of the refrigerator. Do not overdo with the film - there must be room for ventilation and air flow. This can also help a special rug for the refrigerator. It resembles foam rubber and is impregnated with an antiseptic compound. It should be placed under the fruit and vegetables stored in the refrigerator, which will positively affect the shelf life of their storage. Separately from them it is necessary to store such sources of a sharp smell, as garlic, ginger, etc., as they can be soaked with their specific aroma. If the volume of the refrigerator is large enough, you can store each kind of vegetables, fruits and herbs in separate glass plates, also covering them with a film. It should leave 2-3 small holes. In no case can you store in the refrigerator bananas and pineapples - they lose their taste qualities from the cold. It is best to eat them as soon as possible after the purchase.
Meat, poultry and meat semi-finished products.
For their storage, specialPlastic food storage trays. If the plans for a couple of days are worth cooking meat or poultry, then they can be stored in ceramic, glass or plastic dishes. It is better not to cover them with a lid. Semi-finished products like sausages or sausages are perfectly stored in the middle of the refrigerator space. If around there are no perishable or odor-absorbing products, then you can wrap sausages and sausage in a plastic wrap, leaving open the place that has already been cut. Semi-finished products like canned food are perfectly stored outside the refrigerator. But if they are already open, then they should be stored in the refrigerator no longer than 2-3 days, otherwise the contents of the canal will deteriorate. This is due to the fact that preserves are rarely added to canned food.
Most modern refrigerators use specially treated glass as a material for shelves, which prevents the development of microbes, bacteria and mold.
All ready meals should be keptIn the refrigerator no more than three days. And for salads, this period is reduced to one day. Soups are perfectly stored in the same pots in which they were welded. As for pieces of roasted meat, poultry, fish or cutlets, they can be placed either in glass or ceramic dishes, covered with a lid on top, or in a special plastic dish for storing food.
Modern drinks, bought in the store,Variegated in its composition with various dyes and preservatives. If you do not open the package into which the drink was poured, then it can stand still in the closet or somewhere else outside the refrigerator (adjusted for storage conditions on the label). If it is open, then it should be stored on the lower shelves of the refrigerator for no more than three days. The same rule applies to juices, both freshly squeezed and bought in the store. Self-cooked drinks should be stored in the refrigerator for no longer than three days.
Conditions for storage of alcoholic products in the refrigerator depend on its strength. The stronger the alcohol, the less demanding it is for storage conditions.
Baking, cakes, bread
Pies, pies, bread and other flour productsCan be stored in the refrigerator with some reservations. It must be understood that the prepared dough is relieved from the cold, this also applies to traditional bread. Therefore, they can be stored only on the upper shelves of the refrigerator for a limited period of time. Bread can be moved to a closed breadbox, pies, pies, pancakes and everything similar can be transferred to enameled dishes. Special storage conditions for modern cakes, both prepared independently and purchased on the side. They should be stored only at the very bottom of the refrigerator compartment, in a closed form.